LIGHTING 1860 - 1880



THE BURNER   is the heart of the oil lamp. From the 1840s on, hundreds of patents were filed with innovations to produce safer, cleaner, more efficient burners.

English made kerosene burners.
Bridgeport, Conn. Patented, 1882.
Burner has a filler tube on the side. On the inside is a weighted sleeve that is raised by a lever handle to extinguish the flame. Patented by S.W. Lamberton, Newark, N.J. Oct. 18, 1881. (see diagram)
Ingenious Patented Oil Lamp Burner.
Permits filling and extinguishing without removing the chimney.
Burner with wire spring. Used on hand lamps to hold the chimney on more securely.
Burner with a glass deflector. BING Co., U.S. Patent, May, 1885. Canadian Patent, Nov. 10, 1883.
Double draft deflector. Air passed from bottom through fins to flame. Was also used in chicken brooders. No chimney required. Manufactured by E. Miller & Co., Meriden, Conn. "The American Diamond Light." Patented, March, 1877.
AUTOMATIC. Could use a continuous wick. There was a flat, round top metal piece inserted into the wick tube and the wick would roll over the top of the insert.
Burner with 4 wire prongs. Patented, April 17, 1877.
Lamp Chimneys. On the left, with a New Calcium burner. On the right, with a Magic Sun burner.
The Magic Sun. Has a straight cylinder chimney. Patented, March, 1869.
Arnold & Blackman burner. Described by Russell as the first prong type burner. Patented, Feb 11,1868, Norwalk, Conn.
Vienna burner with fixed deflector. First burner used in North America. About 1856.
Embossed burner with four flexible prongs that held the chimney. Patent date is illegible. Probably 1890s.
Burner with 4 wire prongs. Fender patent. Lincoln, Nebraska, April 17, 1877.
H. B. & H.Pinafore flat chimney with oval base. 1870s.
Lock Burner. A version of a burner that incorporated moving parts.
Lock Burner underside. When the outer rim was rotated, the chimney support arms, mounted off center, would move to grip the inner chimney wall.
Patent application made.
Miller Company Burner. The Miller Company manufactured many lighting products.
King Grip. C.P. Taplin patent, the three chimney holder prongs work as toggles that apply preasure to hold the chimney glass from the inside. August 23, 1893.
Three pronged shade holder that fit over a straight chimney. The three flexible prongs slid onto a straight chimney. The lamp shade sat on the brass ring. This attachment protected the shade from the heat.
Hinged collar for easy filling of oil lamp without having to remove burner. Top slides sidewise to create opening. Patented by G.B.N. Dow, January 7, 1900.
Three pronged burner with one prong attached with a spring loaded lever. When pushed inward, the prong moved towards the deflector on the burner. The chimney fits on the outside of the three prongs.
This is a sliding attachment that fits the collar on the lamp and the burner fits on the top. It would slide open leaving a space to insert a tube from the lamp filler. The burner with the wick would not have to be removed. Patent # 497075.
Burner with two prongs to hold the chimney with the flange. Manufactured by Miller Co., Meridien, Connecticut.
New Calcium Light Burner. Chimney slides over. 1870.
Burner with finger operated pull back lever for securing the chimney to the flange rather than using a screw. Two brass pins on upper part are guided by sleeves on the bottom. Dec. 10, 1867, Aug. 28, 1882.
Hand made heirloom doilies.
Burner with set screw to hold chimney. Open access to wick for trimming. Miller company.
Plain, simple burner. The disadvantage of this style is the open bottom which would allow insects into the chimney. Patented by E. Luilman, October 5, 1900.
Fins in the air intake direct the air flow causing better combustion and resulting in brighter, cleaner flame. This burner was special because it did not require a chimney. American Diamond Light. Patented, Nyack, N.Y. March 6, 1877.
SAFEGUARD Six Prong Burner. By 1906, burner design and fabrication had advanced to the point that moving parts and highly efficient air and fuel flow were possible.
This burner had four prongs that gripped the outer wall of the chimney and two support prongs that were controlled pulling a tab underneath the burner. The two long support prongs fitted inside the chimney. This arrangement secured the chimney to the lamp which was named SAFEGUARD.
SAFEGUARD. November 20, 1906.
Cork Float Mechanism. Invented to keep oil lamps from spills and overfilling. Manufactured by Ideal Co., Ithaca, N.Y..

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Automatic Lampshade Company of Brasher Falls, NY. Patent, 1903.
Shade holder.
Lamp Shade.
Paper advertising on shade on three translucent panels with lady and red poppies. It reads, 'Opia Cigar, The Smoker's Dream.'
Lamp shade for kerosene lamp brass holder. This shade is probably made of splint at Akwasasne. Automatic Lampshade Company. Patent, Brasher Falls, N.Y. March 30, 1909.
Wicker Lampshade Holder.
Corn and husk pattern.
La Belle Co.
Hand Painted Lamp Chimney.
Molded Chimney with four square hand painted sides.
"Make Do" Lamp. It was a glass lamp, but when the base was broken, it was replaced by a wooden one.
Hand Lamp Hobbs Glass Co. Red coin dot pattern. About 1885.
Sheldon Swirl pattern blue and opalescent glass. 1890.
Sheldon Swirl table lamp in cranberry red with opalescent glass applied.
Wire inventions designed to hold a piece of cloth for scrubbing the inside of chimneys to remove dirt and soot (unless a small hand was available.)
Glass chimney with attached reflector Reflector has a tin peg that passes through a molded hole in the side and is fastened with a tin cap that holds it in place.
Glow Lamp. Valley Candle Co. Brooklyn, NY.
Finger Lamp with Shield Pattern and small beads representing stars. 1870s.
Hobnail Finger Lamp. 1880.
Collapsible wire frame made to fit over a lamp chimney for warming food or hair curlers.
Lamp wick trimmer. Wick needed to be trimmed to a rounded tip. 1860s to 1900.
Package of lamp wicks. They were "cheaper by the dozen."
Cast Iron wall hanging match holder.
Wooden box with sliding cover, peg construction. 1700s to mid 1800s.
Candle boxes designed to protect candles from rodents and insects.
Six candle mold.
Candle making in the 1850s.
Tin wall candle box. 1700s to mid 1880s.
Tin candle box, closed. Candles were kept in mouse proof containers.
Solar Lamp. Font and base with center draft burned whale oil or lard.
Wall lamp shelf with match holders. 1860s to 1900.
Kerosene oil lamp brackets.
Brttania Lamp Filler. Patented 1857.
Oil lamp filler made by tinsmith. Early to mid 1800s.
Glass Fuel Container in wire carrier. 1880.
Amber Glass match holder.
Heavy duty wick trimmer. 1860s.
Steel Three Candle Wall Sconce with brass convex reflector. Late 1800s.