St Lawrence County Historical Association

150th Anniversary

We have a new committee charged with planning programming to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Civil War, which begins in 2011.  In addition to listing 150th events and plans, we hope to include a timeline that Stan is working on of the Civil War year-by-year with north country dates and events added to it, and a series of bios of local Civil War veterans with photos if we have them and perhaps a way for visitors to the website to add their own ancestors' info.

See the Compiler's note for 1864 below for more information.

1860

  • Tuesday, November 6, 1860
    Lincoln elected
  • Tuesday, November 6, 1860
    St Lawrence County as well as Northern NY votes for Lincoln by large majority
  • Saturday, December 15, 1860
    Newspapers reporting on Secession in South Carolina, predicted it before the election.
  • Thursday, December 20, 1860
    South Carolina secedes
  • Wednesday, December 26, 1860
    Garrison transferred from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter

1861

  • Wednesday, January 9, 1861
    Mississippi secedes; Star of the West fired upon
  • Wednesday, January 9, 1861
    "Star of the West" fired upon from Charleston Harbor batteries (Fort Moultrie and Morris Island). It returned to the sea without reinforcing Fort Sumter. Col. Anderson warns that firing on any US ship is an act of war. Charleston mayor warns that to reinforce Fort Sumter is an act of war. Hence- the problem!
  • Thursday, January 10, 1861
    Florida Secedes
  • Friday, January 11, 1861
    Alabama secedes
  • Tuesday, January 15, 1861
    Newspapers following crisis at Fort Moultrie, Fort Sumter, and Secession moves in the south
  • Tuesday, January 15, 1861
    Senator Preston King, from Ogdensburg, argues with Senator Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, calls him a traitor.
  • Saturday, January 19, 1861
    Georgia secedes
  • Monday, January 21, 1861
    Withdrawal of five Southern members of the U.S.Senate: Yulee and Mallory of Florida, Clay and Fitzpatrick of Alabama, and Davis of Mississippi
  • Tuesday, January 22, 1861
    Bill to reorganize the State Militia passed. Intention is to get ready for war. The commutation fee to increase from $2.00 to ten dollars.
  • Saturday, January 26, 1861
    Louisiana secedes
  • Tuesday, January 29, 1861
    Kansas admitted to the Union as a free state
  • Friday, February 1, 1861
    Texas convention votes for secession
  • Monday, February 4, 1861
    First Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, convenes as a convention
  • Saturday, February 9, 1861
    Jefferson Davis elected provisional Confederate president
  • Monday, February 18, 1861
    Jefferson Davis inaugurated
  • Saturday, February 23, 1861
    Texas voters approve secession
  • Monday, March 4, 1861
    Lincoln inaugurated; Special Senate Session of 37th Congress convenes
  • Tuesday, March 12, 1861
    Wide Awakes meet in Ogdensburg.
  • Saturday, March 16, 1861
    First Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, adjourns
  • Tuesday, March 19, 1861
    New daily paper in Ogdensburg, The Advance
  • Tuesday, March 19, 1861
    Stephen Douglas considers the Lincoln inaugural speech a "peace message"; the St Lawrence Democrat says that "Lincoln does not comprehend the crisis"
  • Thursday, March 28, 1861
    Special Senate Session of 37th Congress adjourns
  • Tuesday, April 9, 1861
    President Lincoln gets telegrams from all over "not to surrender the Fort"
  • Friday, April 12, 1861
    Bombardment of Fort Sumter begins
  • Friday, April 12, 1861
    Fort Sumter is fired upon
  • Saturday, April 13, 1861
    Fort Sumter surrenders to Southern forces
  • Wednesday, April 17, 1861
    Virginia secedes
  • Wednesday, April 17, 1861
    Meetings held at Eagle Hall in Ogdensburg with the Hon. Judge Fine presiding and David A. Nevin opened a recruiting office. Within three days of recruiting, Capt. Nevin's company left for Albany to be in the 16th Regiment NY Infantry
  • Wednesday, April 17, 1861
    Another meeting held at Lyceum Hall with Gen. Rocius W. Judson presiding. The object of the meeting was "to be the raising of men and means for the war" - $3,000 dollars raised and 44 men enlisted.
  • Friday, April 19, 1861
    6th Massachusetts attacked by Baltimore mob; Lincoln declares blockade of Southern coast
  • Saturday, April 20, 1861
    Norfolk, Virginia, Navy Yard evacuated
  • Wednesday, April 24, 1861
    Co A from Ogdensburg left for Albany (eventually became 16th NY Inf.)
  • Monday, April 29, 1861
    2nd Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, convenes; Maryland rejects secession
  • Tuesday, April 30, 1861
    Co B from Potsdam left for Albany (eventually became 16th NY Inf.)
  • Tuesday, April 30, 1861
    20,000 troops in Washington; blockade announced by President Lincoln.
  • Thursday, May 2, 1861
    Co D from Gouverneur left for Albany (eventually became 16th NY Inf.)
  • Monday, May 6, 1861
    Arkansas secedes; Tennessee legislature calls for popular vote on secession
  • Tuesday, May 7, 1861
    Cos. F, G, H from Potsdam, Depeyster, and Stockholm left for Albany (eventually became 16th NY Inf.)
  • Tuesday, May 7, 1861
    Schuyler Judd, Major General of the 4th Division NY State Militia, calls on all brigades to ready and fill up regiments,
  • Tuesday, May 7, 1861
    William Wheeler (head of New York Northern Railroad) offers transportation for military on call, promptly and free of charge.
  • Friday, May 10, 1861
    Union forces capture Camp Jackson, and a riot follows in St. Louis
  • Friday, May 10, 1861
    16th NY Regiment Infantry "Organized" in Albany and accepted as a unit.
  • Monday, May 13, 1861
    Baltimore occupied by U.S. troops
  • Monday, May 20, 1861
    North Carolina secedes
  • Tuesday, May 21, 1861
    2nd Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, adjourns
  • Thursday, May 23, 1861
    Virginia voters approve secession. 24-Union troops seize Alexandria, Virginia
  • Monday, May 27, 1861
    18th Regiment formed - a company from Ogdensburg led by Captain Bartlett (Co K). They were not allowed in 16th Regiment, as they were already full. Tallest man in the 18th regiment was David Gray from Lisbon, called "our big Gray baby."
  • Saturday, June 1, 1861
    Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia
  • Monday, June 3, 1861
    Battle of Philippi (western Virginia)
  • Saturday, June 8, 1861
    Tennessee voters approve secession
  • Monday, June 10, 1861
    Battle of Big Bethel (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, June 11, 1861
    16th and 18th Regiments moved to new camps surrounding Albany, NY
  • Monday, June 17, 1861
    Battle of Booneville (Missouri)
  • Saturday, June 22, 1861
    18th NY Regiment in Washington
  • Tuesday, June 25, 1861
    16th NY Regiment Infantry left Albany for Washington; many flag raisings in St Lawrence County from April on.
  • Saturday, June 29, 1861
    16th NY arrived in Washington.
  • Thursday, July 4, 1861
    First Session, 37th Congress, convenes
  • Friday, July 5, 1861
    Battle of Carthage (Missouri)
  • Tuesday, July 9, 1861
    Report in letter from soldier in the 18th Regiment that 16th Regiment arrived in Washington. While marching through Baltimore without music, Col. asked "where's your music?" "In our cartridge boxes," replied Col. Davies.
  • Thursday, July 11, 1861
    Battle of Rich Mountain (western Virginia)
  • Saturday, July 13, 1861
    Battle of Carrick's Ford (western Virginia)
  • Wednesday, July 17, 1861
    John S. Allen of Ogdensburg wounded in the advance to Fairfax, VA.
  • Thursday, July 18, 1861
    Battle of Blackburn's Ford (Virginia)
  • Saturday, July 20, 1861
    3rd Session, Provincial Confederate Congress, convenes
  • Sunday, July 21, 1861
    16th involved in battle at Manassas, VA led by Lt. Col. Marsh. (Col. Davies led the Brigade.) They were last on the field and retreated under order.
  • Sunday, July 21, 1861
    Battle of 1st Bull Run (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, July 23, 1861
    Many rumors reported in the Northern NY newspapers about what happened at Manassas, VA.
  • Tuesday, August 6, 1861
    1st Session, 37th Congress adjourns
  • Friday, August 9, 1861
    John S. Allen of Ogdensburg died as a result of wounds. He was the first death from battle wounds in a Northern NY Regiment. His body was returned to Ogdensburg and buried there.
  • Saturday, August 10, 1861
    Battle of Wilson's Creek
  • Tuesday, August 20, 1861
    Col. Charles R. Brundage and the 33rd Militia accepted as a unit with present company officers accepted. Captain Elliott, JCO Redington, William Goodrich and others recruiting for 33rd Militia in St Lawrence County. William Hyde and others recruiting in Franklin County for same regiment. 33rd will rendezvous at the [railroad] Car Factory near Ogdensburg on the 10th of September. (That factory was converted into Camp Wheeler.)
  • Tuesday, August 27, 1861
    Fort Clark, North Carolina, captured by Union
  • Wednesday, August 28, 1861
    Fort Hatteras, North Carolina, surrenders to Union
  • Saturday, August 31, 1861
    3rd Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, adjourns
  • Tuesday, September 3, 1861
    4th (called) Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, convenes and adjourns; Confederate troops enter Kentucky, ending the state's neutrality
  • Friday, September 6, 1861
    Battery D, 1st NY Light Artillery mustered into US service [other sources say unit mustered in October 17, 1861]
  • Friday, September 6, 1861
    Union troops capture Paducah, Kentucky
  • Tuesday, September 10, 1861
    Some deaths in 16th Regiment by disease. Captain J. M. Ranson recruiting in Clinton County for 33rd. First men arrived at Camp Wheeler on Sept. 9th. Six more companies arrived on Sept. 10th. Ed Olds Band and Madrid Brass Band volunteer to form Regimental Band. Cavalry regiment being recruited in St Lawrence County.
  • Tuesday, September 10, 1861
    Battle of Carnifax Ferry (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, September 11, 1861
    Cheat Mountain Campaign (to the 15th)
  • Thursday, September 12, 1861
    Siege of Lexington, Missouri (to the 20th)
  • Wednesday, September 18, 1861
    50th NY Infantry formed as 50th NY Engineers and mustered into US service. They were with Army of the Potomac throughout the war.
  • Friday, September 20, 1861
    Lexington, Missouri, surrenders to Confederates
  • Tuesday, September 24, 1861
    Jonah Sanford authorized to recruit a regiment in this section of the state. This regiment became the 92nd NY Infantry.
  • Tuesday, October 1, 1861
    Abel Godard and Eastman combine men to form company. No more companies allowed at Camp Wheeler as they already have ten companies.
  • Tuesday, October 8, 1861
    92nd NY Infantry being recruited by General Sanford and training at Camp Union in Potsdam.
  • Tuesday, October 8, 1861
    Lt. Hopkins in North recruited to fill up 16th NY Infantry's losses.
  • Tuesday, October 8, 1861
    Captain Anderson recruiting in Massena for 92nd NY
  • Tuesday, October 15, 1861
    34th NY Militia forming regiment in Malone (They became the 98th NY Regiment Infantry.) Ads and recruiting posters for 33rd, 78th and US Regulars as well as Cavalry Brigade appear in local newspaper.
  • Monday, October 21, 1861
    Battle of Ball's Bluff (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, October 22, 1861
    Messrs. Flanders arrested for treason in Malone. They were the editors of The Franklin Gazette, the Democrat newspaper in Malone.
  • Tuesday, October 22, 1861
    Camp Wheeler has 910 men sworn in and 60 more recruits. Captain Heyward (a West Point grad) is expected to be the Colonel. There are ten recruiting stations in Ogdensburg. Russell is recruiting Cavalry. St Lawrence County likely to have 3100 men enlisted rather than the 2180 that was our quota.
  • Thursday, October 31, 1861
    The 33rd NY Militia, renamed the 60th NY Regiment Infantry, was mustered into US service
  • Friday, November 1, 1861
    The 60th NY left for Washington by rail line on a special train provided with 18 cars. They rode the train to Rouses Point, then by steamer via Lake Champlain to Albany. From Albany, the steamer followed the Hudson River to New York City, where the 60th NY then travelled by train to Baltimore and Washington, DC.
  • Tuesday, November 5, 1861
    92nd Sworn into US service – a few refused, so they will be retained as home guard. 500 enlisted and 400 in Camp Union.
  • Wednesday, November 6, 1861
    Jefferson Davis elected regular president of the Confederacy
  • Thursday, November 7, 1861
    Belmont, Missouri, and Port Royal, South Carolina, fall to Union
  • Friday, November 8, 1861
    Seizure of Confederates Mason and Slidell from aboard the British Trent by the USS San Jacinto
  • Tuesday, November 12, 1861
    92nd filling up; St Lawrence Republican editorialized that our county regiments should be filled up before helping other counties. Cavalry enlisting in Massena suspended as Government wants no more cavalry now. 60th NY stationed at Relay House near Baltimore. Cameron Highlanders recruiting for the 78th NY Infantry in Ogdensburg.
  • Monday, November 18, 1861
    5th Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, convenes
  • Thursday, November 28, 1861
    60th NY on railroad guarding duty near Baltimore, MD. Private William H. MacDonald fell asleep near track and train ran over his foot. The 34th encamped near fairgrounds in Malone, called Camp Franklin. 400 men have enlisted and 100 more on the way.
  • Thursday, November 28, 1861
    Missouri admitted to Confederacy despite its not having seceded
  • Sunday, December 1, 1861
    11th NY Cavalry (Scotts 900) starts to recruit. They trained in Elmira, NY.
  • Monday, December 2, 1861
    2nd Session, 37th Congress, convenes
  • Tuesday, December 3, 1861
    Officers of the 60th NY ask for resignation of Col. Heyward for "Want of coolness and discretion and disregard for the comfort and the welfare of the men." There is no reply to the letter.
  • Tuesday, December 3, 1861
    Volunteer Aid Association has already sent numerous things to men. Ladies to dedicate one day a week for service of the country. Meetings to knit socks and mittens are held every Monday at private houses. The ladies of Madrid organize Soldiers Aid Society and send quilts, blankets, sheets, pillowcases, night shirts, flannel drawers, shirts,towels, socks, and linens.
  • Tuesday, December 3, 1861
    92nd NY finishing recruiting and thought they would leave by 20th of December – this didn't happen
  • Friday, December 13, 1861
    Battle of Camp Alleghany (western Virginia)
  • Tuesday, December 17, 1861
    Camp Union has 820 men in camp, 180 men needed to fill regiment. One of the sentinels of the 60th NY shot one of the Maryland Home Guards. They were playing with rifles and "didn't know the gun was loaded".
  • Friday, December 20, 1861
    Battle of Dranesville (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, December 24, 1861
    60th NY was paid and the men sent home at least two-thirds of their pay by "express." Several deaths in 60th by disease. A railroad engine boiler exploded; the engineer was found 650 feet from the engine.

1862

  • Wednesday, January 1, 1862
    S. Pierre Remington recruiting for Cavalry Regiment (Scott's 900) has 60 men already.
  • Wednesday, January 1, 1862
    Recruiting for 92nd NY at Camp Union in Potsdam; they have 550 men so far.
  • Wednesday, January 8, 1862
    60th on railroad Guard Duty; officers trying to get rid of Colonel Heyward, Preston King helping. [Colonel William Heyward discharged 01-8th, 1862.] Rumor that if England declares war on US because of the Mason- Slidell arrest, the 60th will return to Ogdensburg [to help protect the border].
  • Wednesday, January 8, 1862
    Colonel Durkee at Malone recruiting a company of sharpshooters [for 98th NY infantry]. For winner of a trial of skill there is a $100.00 prize.
  • Wednesday, January 15, 1862
    Officers in the 92nd are Col. Jonah Sanford, Lt. Col. Bingham, Major T.S. Hall
  • Wednesday, January 15, 1862
    Captain Remington's Company of Cavalry left Canton for training in Staten Island
  • Wednesday, January 15, 1862
    16th NY in winter quarters near Alexandria, VA.
  • Wednesday, January 15, 1862
    92nd NY --Thomas S. Clarkson presents the regiment a flag in honor of his daughters.
  • Sunday, January 19, 1862
    Battle of Mill Springs (or Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads) (Kentucky)
  • Wednesday, January 22, 1862
    Hon. C. B. Hoard of Watertown returned from Washington with a contract for Manufacture of 50,000 rifles at $20.00 each to be filled within 2 years; not sure whether they will be built in Watertown or not. (They were.)
  • Wednesday, January 29, 1862
    60th Headquarters at Mount Clare, Maryland. A soldier of Co. H run over by "cars" - he "was cut in half"
  • Wednesday, January 29, 1862
    98th NY Infantry at Camp Franklin, Malone with Colonel Wm. Dutton of Wayne County , Lt Colonel Chas. Durkee of Franklin County, and Albon Mann of Franklin County as Major
  • Wednesday, February 5, 1862
    92nd NY--80 in Camp Union sick with measles, some deaths already.
  • Wednesday, February 5, 1862
    Bibles presented to Regiment by Rev. P. D. Gorrie, as representative of St Lawrence Bible Society.
  • Thursday, February 6, 1862
    Battle of Fort Henry (Tennessee)
  • Saturday, February 8, 1862
    Battle of Roanoke Island (North Carolina)
  • Tuesday, February 11, 1862
    Willie, President Lincoln's son, died at White House
  • Wednesday, February 12, 1862
    Battle of Fort Donelson (Tennessee) (to the 16th)
  • Wednesday, February 12, 1862
    60th NY --New Colonel George S. Greene enrolled 01-18th, arrived about Feb 5, 1862. Told the regiment that he would not have accepted the post unless promised that the 60th would be relieved from Railroad duty.
  • Sunday, February 16, 1862
    Fort Donelson surrenders to Union
  • Monday, February 17, 1862
    5th (final) Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, adjourns
  • Tuesday, February 18, 1862
    1st Session, 1st Confederate Congress, convenes
  • Wednesday, February 19, 1862
    Dr. Darius Clark called to consult with Surgeon Henry Hewitt on the cases of measles in the 92nd; there are 132 cases out of 977 men.
  • Friday, February 21, 1862
    Battle of Valverde (New Mexico Territory)
  • Saturday, February 22, 1862
    Jefferson Davis inaugurated as regular president
  • Wednesday, February 26, 1862
    92nd Lt Col Bingham caught in a self promotion.
  • Wednesday, February 26, 1862
    16th NY Joseph Howland promoted to Colonel in place of Thomas Davies, who was promoted to Brigadier General. Lt Col Marsh refused the promotion.
  • Wednesday, March 5, 1862
    92nd--Ladies Aid Societies throughout the county sending quilts and bed supplies to hospitals in Potsdam for benefit of sick soldiers. Still have 133 cases of measles.
  • Wednesday, March 5, 1862
    60th- Three courts martial in regiment, three men sent to prison; Chaplain says that "rum drinking is the cause of all problems"
  • Thursday, March 6, 1862
    Battle of Pea Ridge (Arkansas) (to the 8th)
  • Saturday, March 8, 1862
    Hampton Roads Naval Actions (Virginia) (to the 9th)
  • Sunday, March 9, 1862
    Monitor vs.Virginia at Hampton Roads
  • Wednesday, March 12, 1862
    92nd in NY City on way to Washington. C.B. Hoard and Sons to go ahead with gearing up to manufacture 50,000 rifles in Watertown even though he entered in to government contract with ex- Secretary of War Simon Cameron.
  • Friday, March 14, 1862
    Capture of New Madrid, Missouri, and New Bern, North Carolina, by Union
  • Tuesday, March 18, 1862
    94th Regiment from Jefferson County involved in a train accident - 4 cars thrown into the river, 5 men killed, 10 injured.
  • Wednesday, March 19, 1862
    92nd in Camp at Calamara (Kalorma?)Heights, 2 miles from Washington DC.
  • Sunday, March 23, 1862
    Battle of Kernstown (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, March 26, 1862
    Battle of Apache Canyon (New Mexico Territory)
  • Wednesday, March 26, 1862
    16th NY advanced towards Manassas, but no fight. 92nd issued camp tents, clothing and Enfield Rifles. Enjoying nice spring weather. Lt Col Bingham discharged 03-13 1862.
  • Friday, March 28, 1862
    Battle of Glorieta (or Pigeon's Ranch) (New Mexico Territory)
  • Friday, March 28, 1862
    92nd left Washington for Fortress Monroe by ship full, 1200 on board
  • Tuesday, April 1, 1862
    92nd on the steamer "John Brook" off Fortress Monroe
  • Wednesday, April 2, 1862
    92nd in Casey's Division, Palmer's Brigade, Army of the Potomac.
  • Saturday, April 5, 1862
    Siege of Yorktown, Virginia (to May 4)
  • Sunday, April 6, 1862
    Battle of Shiloh (Tennessee) (to the 7th)
  • Monday, April 7, 1862
    Island # 10 (Missouri) falls to Union
  • Friday, April 11, 1862
    Fort Pulaski (Georgia) captured by Union
  • Wednesday, April 16, 1862
    92nd near Newport News, VA; 160 men left in Washington to be discharged.
  • Wednesday, April 16, 1862
    Rumor that Col. Sanford has resigned. (not discharged until 05-15th 1862) The men think that they are rather "green" to be near battle.
  • Friday, April 18, 1862
    Bombardment of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Louisiana (to the 24th)
  • Monday, April 21, 1862
    First Session, 1st Confederate Congress, adjourns
  • Wednesday, April 23, 1862
    60th still on Railroad duty but moved away from Baltimore to Relay House. They like Col. Greene; drilling and discipline abound. They have 22 new recruits.
  • Wednesday, April 23, 1862
    92nd has 118 to be discharged, many waiting for Medical board to discharge them.
  • Wednesday, April 23, 1862
    92nd is a mile and one half below Newport News, expect to be at Yorktown.
  • Thursday, April 24, 1862
    Federal naval forces pass Forts Jackson and St. Philip below New Orleans
  • Friday, April 25, 1862
    Fort Macon, North Carolina, captured and New Orleans falls to Union
  • Wednesday, April 30, 1862
    92nd at Warwick Court House. Captain Anderson acts as Lt Col, the Adjutant as Major.
  • Wednesday, April 30, 1862
    16th NY- Frank Palmer promoted to Major
  • Wednesday, April 30, 1862
    60th NY- Col. Greene Promoted to Brigadier General (Discharged as Colonel to be promoted to General 04-28th, 1862)
  • Sunday, May 4, 1862
    Yorktown, Virginia, occupied by Union
  • Monday, May 5, 1862
    Battle of Williamsburg (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, May 7, 1862
    92nd NY - 7 miles from Yorktown, 2 miles from Rebel Batteries; General Palmer's Brigade consists of 92nd, 93rd, 98th 81st and 85th NY Regiments
  • Wednesday, May 7, 1862
    Captain Anderson acting as regimental Commander although he is ranked by Major Hall. (Hiram Anderson received commission as Lt Col. 04-14, 1862 with rank from 03-13, 1862)
  • Wednesday, May 7, 1862
    1000 men detailed by General McClellan to fight tomorrow , not to bring on a battle just to send out a "flyer"
  • Wednesday, May 7, 1862
    16th and 18th Regiments with General Franklin near West Point will have the first brush with the enemy.
  • Wednesday, May 7, 1862
    Through 05-8: 16th NY at Battle of West Point supported Ayers Battery with four companies acting as skirmishers. 6 killed, Captain N M Curtis wounded and 10 others wounded. 92nd engaged and at front but no casualties.
  • Thursday, May 8, 1862
    Battle of McDowell (West Virginia)
  • Thursday, May 8, 1862
    through May 30: 92nd NY marching up the Peninsula with army. Expecting that Governor Morgan would appoint Captain Lewis Hunt the next Colonel (Commissioned and mustered in regiment May 24, 1862)
  • Saturday, May 10, 1862
    Norfolk, Virginia, occupied by Union; battle of Plum Bend (Tennessee)
  • Tuesday, May 13, 1862
    60th NY Lt Col William Goodrich promoted to Colonel
  • Tuesday, May 13, 1862
    Most of 60th Regiment moved to Harpers Ferry, VA (4 companies stayed on Railroad duty for a couple weeks commanded by Major E.C. James)
  • Thursday, May 15, 1862
    Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Virginia)
  • Friday, May 23, 1862
    Battle of Front Royal (Virginia)
  • Sunday, May 25, 1862
    Battle of 1st Winchester (Virginia)
  • Friday, May 30, 1862
    Corinth, Mississippi, taken by Union
  • Saturday, May 31, 1862
    Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks (Virginia) (to June 1st)
  • Saturday, May 31, 1862
    Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) 92nd in Casey's Division, Palmers Brigade.
  • Saturday, May 31, 1862
    92nd NY heavily engaged lost 16 killed and 4 officers wounded including Col Hunt , 57 men wounded with 28 men missing.
  • Saturday, May 31, 1862
    98th NY lost 11 men killed, 3 officers and 31 men wounded, 26 men missing
  • Thursday, June 5, 1862
    Fort Pillow, Tennessee, abandoned by Confederates
  • Friday, June 6, 1862
    Battle of Memphis (Tennessee)
  • Sunday, June 8, 1862
    Battle of Cross Keys (Virginia)
  • Monday, June 9, 1862
    Battle of Port Republic (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, June 11, 1862
    92nd moved back to White Oak Swamp Bridge
  • Wednesday, June 11, 1862
    60th in 2nd Brigade (Slough's) Sigel's Division, Have been doing some skirmishing, Left Harpers Ferry going towards Winchester, Lt. E.A. Merritt became Brigade Quartermaster with rank of Captain. Adjutant Gale detailed as Brigade Assistant Adjutant General, Lt Shipman as aide-de-camp (of the General), Major Brundage Promoted to Lt Col.
  • Monday, June 16, 1862
    Battle of Secessionville (South Carolina)
  • Wednesday, June 25, 1862
    Battles of the Seven Days (Virginia) (to July 1; includes those marked with *)
  • Wednesday, June 25, 1862
    Equipment and buildings of Camp Union in Potsdam up for auction.
  • Wednesday, June 25, 1862
    Through 07-1: Seven Days Battle
  • Thursday, June 26, 1862
    Beaver Dam Creek*
  • Friday, June 27, 1862
    Gaines' Mill*
  • Friday, June 27, 1862
    16th Regiment, wearing Straw Hats, retook two guns lost to the Confederates. The regiment lost 3 officers and 55 enlisted men Killed or Mortally wounded, including Lt Col Samuel Marsh; 7 officers and 166 enlisted men wounded.
  • Sunday, June 29, 1862
    Savage Station*
  • Monday, June 30, 1862
    Frayser's Farm*; White Oak Swamp*
  • Monday, June 30, 1862
    16th NY- White Oak Swamp and Glendale. Lost two men killed and 1 officer and 6 men wounded. (From friendly fire)
  • Monday, June 30, 1862
    92nd NY lost 1 officer and 1 enlisted man wounded, and 12 men missing during the 7 days battle
  • Monday, June 30, 1862
    92nd Demoralized, Debilitated, Destroyed and maybe disbanded; 110 sick, barely 100 report for duty. General McClellan's injustice to Casey's Division hard to swallow. (McClellan singled out Casey's Division as the only one that did not do well, and further, that they unaccountably retreated.)
  • Tuesday, July 1, 1862
    Malvern Hill*
  • Wednesday, July 9, 1862
    General Schuyler Judd of Ogdensburg received authority to raise another regiment (106th NY Infantry)
  • Wednesday, July 16, 1862
    92nd at Harrison's Landing VA; they were the rear guard for the army as they arrived at the landing.
  • Wednesday, July 16, 1862
    16th NY - Funeral of Lt Col Marsh at Potsdam; 1200 attend in church, 1000 outside on lawn. Buried in Elderkin Graveyard near Train Depot. (Later moved to Bayside Cemetery)
  • Thursday, July 17, 1862
    2nd Session, 37th Congress, adjourns
  • Tuesday, July 22, 1862
    9th NY Cavalry detailed as guards for 92nd's ammunition train, as infantry; ordered back to Washington and equipped as cavalry. Captain H. Derby raised complete Company in St Lawrence County; Regiment now commanded by Lt Col C. M. Clark
  • Wednesday, July 23, 1862
    Army enlistment quota for St Lawrence County, because of the additional call for 50,000 men from NY State, will be 1100 men.
  • Wednesday, July 23, 1862
    98th- Colonel Dutton died of Typhus Fever, Lt Col Durkee promoted to be Colonel.
  • Wednesday, July 23, 1862
    16th Major Seaver promoted to be Lt Col of the Regiment.
  • Wednesday, July 23, 1862
    60th NY- Near Little Washington VA, about 25 miles from Front Royal, VA. They are with Pope's Army and there looks to be an offensive move against (Stonewall) Jackson's Army.
  • Wednesday, July 23, 1862
    106th- Luther Priest and J.B. Austin authorized to recruit for 106th. (Potsdam Area)
  • Tuesday, August 5, 1862
    Battle of Baton Rouge (Louisiana)
  • Saturday, August 9, 1862
    Battle of Cedar (or Slaughter) Mountain (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, August 12, 1862
    98th NY – St. Regis Indians belonging to the regiment have been discharged from service. (I wonder why?)
  • Wednesday, August 13, 1862
    Enlistment brisk in all of the North. The draft held over their heads. Several have left for Canada. Some are even listed in the paper, some mistakenly.
  • Wednesday, August 13, 1862
    92nd NY - Has new Surgeon, Dr. Baker of NY. They are preparing to leave Harrison's Landing
  • Wednesday, August 13, 1862
    Three Potsdam boys took train cars to Brooklyn Naval Yard to join Navy.
  • Sunday, August 17, 1862
    Sioux uprising (to September 23) in Minnesota
  • Monday, August 18, 1862
    2nd Session, 1st Confederate Congress, convenes
  • Wednesday, August 20, 1862
    State of New York under Draft.
  • Wednesday, August 20, 1862
    Dr. Skinner of Malone Appointed Surgeon of the 106th NY
  • Wednesday, August 20, 1862
    60th NY - Deaths in regiment since 07-9th are 34, all from typhoid fever. Regiment pulled from active duty and sent to Fauquier Sulfur Springs on the 24th 08-to recover. They then retreated with Pope's Army after 2nd Bull Run.
  • Wednesday, August 20, 1862
    92nd gets to "summer on the shore" near Fortress Monroe and Newport News.
  • Wednesday, August 20, 1862
    16th returned to Washington DC Area with Army of Potomac then marched to aid of Gen Pope's Army but never joined with it. Fell back to Centerville, VA, and covered Pope's Retreat.
  • Thursday, August 28, 1862
    Battle of 2nd Bull Run (Virginia) (to the 30th)
  • Thursday, August 28, 1862
    60th- Major E.C. James discharged to become Lt Col of 106th NY.
  • Saturday, August 30, 1862
    Battle of Richmond (Kentucky)
  • Monday, September 1, 1862
    Battle of Chantilly (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, September 3, 1862
    New Regiment to form at Camp Wheeler under the direction of R.W. Judson. (This became the 142nd NY Infantry)
  • Wednesday, September 3, 1862
    106th NY - Left State for Baltimore, MD
  • Wednesday, September 3, 1862
    164th NY - James O'Connor enlisting for Corcoran's Brigade; has 50 enlisted already.
  • Wednesday, September 3, 1862
    Rev. W. H. Waggoner of Madrid to be Chaplain of the 106th.
  • Wednesday, September 3, 1862
    Brasher has a town bounty of $40, Stockholm $80.
  • Sunday, September 14, 1862
    Battles of South Mountain (Maryland) and Crampton's Gap (Maryland)
  • Sunday, September 14, 1862
    16th led the advance up the mountain at Crampton's Gap and over the crest, capturing the Colors of an Alabama regiment. The 16th NY lost 1 officer and 25 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, including the color bearer, and 2 officers and 35 enlisted men wounded.
  • Sunday, September 14, 1862
    James Allen of Company F, was later awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in capturing a group (14) of Confederate soldiers "single handedly and slightly wounded"
  • Monday, September 15, 1862
    Fall of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, to Confederates
  • Tuesday, September 16, 1862
    Draft discussed in the papers: St Lawrence County short by 858 men; Franklin County full; Jefferson County lacks 80.
  • Wednesday, September 17, 1862
    Battles of Antietam (Maryland) and Munfordville (Kentucky)
  • Wednesday, September 17, 1862
    Antietam, MD 60th in 3rd Brigade, 2nd division of 12th Corps, Army of the Potomac; Col. Goodrich elevated to Brigade Command, General Green the Division Commander, General Mansfield the 12th Corps Commander.
  • Wednesday, September 17, 1862
    Goodrich's Brigade detached to right of Hooker's First Corps, charges up the Hagerstown Pike towards West Woods. Lost one officer (Col. William B Goodrich) and 3 enlisted men killed; 18 enlisted men wounded, including 4 who later died of their wounds. Nine men missing, who were captured but released on parole later.
  • Thursday, September 18, 1862
    Captain Abel Godard promoted to Major of the 60th. 60th Regiment back to Bolivar Heights near Harper's Ferry, VA
  • Friday, September 19, 1862
    Battle of Iuka (Mississippi)
  • Monday, September 22, 1862
    Emancipation Proclamation issued
  • Wednesday, September 24, 1862
    106th NY - Ogdensburg Advance says "they" continue to criticize Col. Judd but "love" Lt. Col. James.
  • Sunday, September 28, 1862
    16th's Colonel Joseph Howland resigns. He is appointed Assistant Adjutant General of Volunteers
  • Wednesday, October 1, 1862
    Funeral of William B. Goodrich in Canton; buried behind his house on Judson Street, Canton. His remains were later moved to Evergreen Cemetery, Canton, and then to Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY
  • Friday, October 3, 1862
    Battle of Corinth (Mississippi) (to the 4th)
  • Wednesday, October 8, 1862
    Battle of Perryville (Kentucky)
  • Wednesday, October 8, 1862
    Colonel S. F. Judd discharged. He was elected colonel but not commissioned as Colonel. Lt. Col. E.C. James Commissioned as Colonel of the 106th.
  • Wednesday, October 8, 1862
    No immediate draft in St Lawrence County; they still have to complete paperwork.
  • Wednesday, October 8, 1862
    Local Lawyers advertising to collect back pay, bounties, and pensions for men who were wounded, and back pay for families of men who died in hospitals or battle.
  • Monday, October 13, 1862
    2nd Session, 1st Confederate Congress, convenes
  • Thursday, October 16, 1862
    164th NY - Eight New York Regiments organizing for Corcoran Legion, Company from Potsdam is at Camp Scott.
  • Thursday, October 16, 1862
    92nd at Suffolk, VA as of 09-18th. They are attached to Wessell's Brigade, 7th army Corps, Department of Virginia. Sent out on recon to Blackwater.
  • Thursday, October 16, 1862
    142nd attached to 3d Brigade, Abercrombies Division, for duty in the defense of Washington, DC
  • Sunday, October 19, 1862
    Political news in the local papers: Governor's Race hot in NY State; General Wadsworth, Republican Union candidate and Horatio Seymour, the Democrat candidate.
  • Wednesday, November 5, 1862
    Horatio Seymour speaks in Potsdam on the 1st of November. Courier Freeman said that he spoke eloquently for three hours "but said nothing" (Some things never change)
  • Wednesday, November 5, 1862
    Almost every paper has articles, almost every week, about some local ladies aid society sending clothing and hospital supplies.
  • Wednesday, November 12, 1862
    92nd- 1st Lt Boswell to be Captain in place of Captain A.P. Wolcott, who resigned.
  • Wednesday, November 12, 1862
    Alexander A. Edmeston to be Surgeon in place of Henry Hewitt, who resigned.
  • Wednesday, November 12, 1862
    L. L. Hepburn (Gunsmith from Colton) to go to Ilion, NY, to work on Government guns during the winter. He will be back in the spring.
  • Tuesday, November 18, 1862
    Draft in St Lawrence County postponed. Many think that the quota has been met. Time will be taken to see if it is true. Lively time in Canton - 2000 had applied for exemption from draft with 1200 examined and 800 more to be seen by doctors.
  • Wednesday, November 19, 1862
    Artemus Ward says: Unless there's a different management of the war, the American Eagle will have to disguise himself as a Shanghai Rooster and truck to Canada and the Goddess of Liberty will have to go out and do general housework at two dollars a week.
  • Friday, November 21, 1862
    16th Captain N.M. Curtis mustered out to become Lt Col of the 142nd NY Infantry
  • Monday, December 1, 1862
    3rd Session, 37th Congress, convenes
  • Thursday, December 4, 1862
    106th has brigaded under General Mulligan in the Railroad Division. 142nd now at Camp Upton, a training base.
  • Sunday, December 7, 1862
    Battle of Prairie Grove (Arkansas)
  • Wednesday, December 10, 1862
    Most local papers raising subscription rates due to high cost of newsprint paper
  • Thursday, December 11, 1862
    Through 12-20: 92nd with Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro, NC. The regiment lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer (Col. Hunt) and 13 enlisted men wounded.
  • Friday, December 12, 1862
    Through 12-15: Battle of Fredericksburg - 16th NY Regiment moved across River with Franklin's Corps on the left of General Meade. It was not engaged and had no casualties. 60th NY marched towards Fredericksburg, but did not participate in Battle. Stayed with the Army of the Potomac after it returned to the north side of the River.
  • Saturday, December 13, 1862
    Battle of Fredericksburg (Virginia)
  • Saturday, December 20, 1862
    Holly Springs, Mississippi, raided by Southerners
  • Monday, December 29, 1862
    Battle of Chickasaw Bayou (Mississippi)
  • Tuesday, December 30, 1862
    60th Major Godard promoted to Colonel (He had resigned or took leave for health reasons and did not join the regiment again until just before the battle of Gettysburg)
  • Wednesday, December 31, 1862
    Battle of Murfreesboro (Tennessee) (to January 2,1863)
  • Wednesday, December 31, 1862
    164th Regiment at Newport News; their brigade consists of 5 NY Regiments: the 69th, 170th, 164th, 175th, and 155th - about 5000 men.
  • Wednesday, December 31, 1862
    1106th NY moved to Martinsburg, VA

1863

  • Thursday, January 1, 1863
    Emancipation Proclamation takes effect; battle of Galveston Harbor (Texas)
  • Wednesday, January 7, 1863
    President Lincoln's Proclamation Of Emancipation editorialized. "None of the Southern States come back." 92nd has letter about the advance with General Foster on December 5th, 1862 towards Kinston, NC. Fight started on Dec. 14th.
  • Wednesday, January 7, 1863
    106th – Colonelcy resolved, Colonel Edward C. James in command. 106th at New Creek and Martinsburg, Virginia.
  • Sunday, January 11, 1863
    Arkansas Post, Arkansas, captured by Union forces
  • Monday, January 12, 1863
    3rd Session, 1st Confederate Congress, convenes
  • Wednesday, January 14, 1863
    60th NY Infantry near Fairfax Station, VA. on January 1st. They may stay there for winter but not certain. Rebels constantly menacing area with impunity. General Henry W. Slocum new commander of 12th Corps. Lt. R. C. Church of Crary's Mills says that the leadership of the Army is terrible, "too much down time," the soldiers are willing to fight.
  • Wednesday, January 14, 1863
    The blacks near the camp are jubilant about Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Wednesday, January 14, 1863
    92nd NY Infantry. Col. Hunt promoted to Brigadier General.
  • Monday, January 19, 1863
    'Mud March' (to the 22nd) by Army of the Potomac from Rappahannock River
  • Wednesday, January 21, 1863
    60th NY near Fairfax Station, VA. "Most citizens fled last spring leaving plantations in care of slaves. 60th has had no pay since July 1st 1862, some regiments not paid since April, 1862. Some soldier suggests that if the paymaster cannot come there himself, then at least send an ambrotype and a lock of hair so that they might not forget him! Major Abel Godard has been reinstated as Colonel of the 60th (Col. Godard did not rejoin the regiment until just before Gettysburg in late June) JCO Redington was commissioned Lt. Col. (he led the regiment through Chancellorsville) and Captain Winslow Thomas promoted to Major of the Regiment. (January 8th 1863)
  • Tuesday, January 27, 1863
    Mrs. A.B. James of Ogdensburg urges Women of St Lawrence County to continue efforts for Soldiers and sailors
  • Wednesday, January 28, 1863
    142nd Infantry at Camp Davis, Upton Hill, Virginia. Promotions in both the 142nd and the 106th.
  • Saturday, January 31, 1863
    Charleston blockade disrupted (South Carolina)
  • Wednesday, February 4, 1863
    92nd NY Infantry back at New Bern, NC after Kinston fight. They are not paid either, but have new cloths and 80 rounds ammo. Col. Hunt has star on his shoulders. Regiment needs new Flag. The shaft was shot off at Kinston. casualties 3 killed and 17 wounded. The river (Neuse) is full of ducks but they are only allowed to shoot rebels.
  • Wednesday, February 4, 1863
    Guerrilla Warfare discussed in a letter from a soldier, since the plunder is the pay, they are not particular who the paymaster is, Northern troops or southern farmers. General Joseph Hooker takes over the Army of the Potomac. The army has faith in "Fighting Joe Hooker". He has faith in himself which is necessary to give confidence to subordinates. This is where General Burnside failed.
  • Wednesday, February 4, 1863
    Senator Preston King visited the 16th and 18th and 142nd NY Regiments at Upton Hill, eight miles from Washington DC.
  • Wednesday, February 4, 1863
    Hoard and Company of Watertown commence manufacture of rifles for the government.
  • Wednesday, February 4, 1863
    106th, Captain McDonald, Lt. Austin, and 8 sergeants on a one month leave to recruit for the regiment.
  • Wednesday, February 11, 1863
    92nd NY Infantry. Captains Wolcott and Newton have resigned because they could not endure the hardships of the army life on campaign. Many younger men could not either. Instead of censure, they are entitled to respect and esteem. "Note signed by all the officers of the regiment."
  • Wednesday, February 11, 1863
    142nd Col. R W Judson resigned as Col. and appointed paymaster in the army. Lt Col. NM Curtis will be colonel and A M Barney to be Lt Colonel.
  • Wednesday, February 11, 1863
    109th Illinois refused to fight because of Emancipation Proclamation. They are placed under arrest and subject to trial by Court Martial.
  • Wednesday, February 11, 1863
    Spelling is important Hon. Henry J Ramond received a dispatch saying "Your brother's corpse is at Belle Plains." He hastened to the army as fast as steam could carry him. He was astonished to find his brother there not only alive but in vigorous health. The original message had been "Your brother's Corps is at Belle Plains"
  • Wednesday, February 18, 1863
    92nd NY Major Hall and Captain Boswell back from Recruiting. skirmishing with Guerrillas easily repulsed. Neuse River (NC) about 1 and 1/2 mile wide at that point.
  • Wednesday, February 18, 1863
    Dr. H. C. Austin of Canton has been appointed special examining Surgeon for pension claims in the county.
  • Saturday, February 28, 1863
    92nd to erect and garrison "Fort Anderson" on opposite (north) bank of the Neuse River from New Bern, NC. The fort when done will be about 1/2 acre with the river side left open. 92nd have between three and four hundred men, healthy cheerful and ready for fight.
  • Saturday, February 28, 1863
    106th – Surgeon Skinner reports on a meeting of the officers of the regiment to discuss the Journals of Northern NY reporting that there is dissatisfaction and discontent in the regiment. They conclude that reports are mostly Politically minded.
  • Tuesday, March 3, 1863
    3rd (final) Session, 37th Congress, adjourns
  • Wednesday, March 4, 1863
    Special Senate Session, 38th Congress, convenes
  • Wednesday, March 4, 1863
    60th NY in 2nd Brigade, 2nd division of the 12th corps; they are at Aquia Creek, VA. The brigade is constructing fortifications of that important place. (Aquia Creek was a huge supply area for the army on the shore of the Potomac River.) General Hooker's command of the Army well received.
  • Wednesday, March 4, 1863
    106th and 92nd paid and send money home.
  • Wednesday, March 11, 1863
    Yazoo Pass Expedition blocked at Fort Pemberton, Mississippi
  • Wednesday, March 11, 1863
    92nd at Fort Anderson, NC; they were paid in "greenbacks". Author of letter calls them spinners, many had 12 months paid due them.
  • Wednesday, March 11, 1863
    60th NY 1st Sergeant Volney Carter to be promoted to Captain of Co. D in place of Quartermaster Lt. E. A. Merritt who declined the position.
  • Wednesday, March 11, 1863
    106th left Martinsburg for North Mountain, VA, about 9 miles from former place. Captain Priest dangerously sick with lung fever.
  • Saturday, March 14, 1863
    Special Senate Session, 38th Congress, adjourns
  • Tuesday, March 17, 1863
    Battle of Kelly's Ford (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, March 18, 1863
    Lawyers in the town advertising to help discharged soldiers collect $100 bounty. Bounty for disabilities attained during service.
  • Wednesday, March 25, 1863
    Battle at Fort Anderson, NC on the 14th described. Pickett's division of General Pettigrew's Corps surround fort, send in flag of truce, and demand surrender of Fort. The Rebels had 6000 men and 26 guns outside the Fort. Colonel Anderson tells the Rebel officer that he cannot surrender unless he consults with his commanding Officer General Foster and asks for 1/2 hour to go and talk to him. That time gave the federal gunboats time to get close enough to support the Fort. Anderson's answer was "that the 92nd was to hold the fort under all hazards and furthermore the 92nd never surrenders." For 5 hours the fort was under fire from the rebel batteries and the Union gunboats were firing over the Fort from the other direction. The rebels finally retreated at 11:00 with 5000 men and 17 guns. Every tent shredded from the bombardment, but no one killed and only two wounded and they not seriously. 92nd, afterwards, reinforced by 85th NY; about 500 men and two more guns added to Fort.
  • Wednesday, March 25, 1863
    60th NY – Lt. Col. J.C.O. Redington reports that the regiment has about 400 men in good condition. They are encamped at Aquia Creek Landing, VA.
  • Wednesday, March 25, 1863
    16th – Lt Graham murdered in his hotel room in Washington, DC
  • Wednesday, March 25, 1863
    106th – Death of Captain Luther Priest, March 13th, 1863 in Martinsburg, VA Hospital. Funeral in Potsdam Presbyterian Church, burial in Parishville.
  • Tuesday, March 31, 1863
    60th NY – Lt. Col. J.C.O. Redington submits names of soldiers for entry in the roll of honor for bravery at Antietam: the seven include 1st Lt. Thomas Hobart, Co. C; Sgt. James S. Cummings, Co. B; Sgt. James Fitch, Co. A; Sgt. William S. Gourley, Co. C; Pvt. Richard Taylor, Co. D; Sgt. Alfred Skiff, Co. E; and private Benj. Premo, Co. H (could not read the last name but this is the best fit for Co. E). The retirement of the regimental flag talked about.
  • Wednesday, April 1, 1863
    60th – only 300 men remain with the regiment (different than Redington's 400 men reported the week before); men in fine spirit. General Hooker reviews the 12th Corps; he says "they will have something to do as soon as the roads permit." Commanding officers, General Slocum, (commanding the 12th Corps) General John Geary (division commander) and General Jackson (Union General of the brigade) (This was soon to change.)
  • Tuesday, April 7, 1863
    Charleston naval attack by Union ironclads
  • Tuesday, April 7, 1863
    16th reports that the regiment is in fine condition and that if they were sent home early about 2/3 would reenlist.
  • Tuesday, April 7, 1863
    142nd – Colonel N. M. Curtis captured and returned under parole at Alexandria, VA. "He strayed from his command."
  • Wednesday, April 8, 1863
    92nd object of interest from New Bern, NC (visits from that way)
  • Wednesday, April 8, 1863
    Three taken prisoner while on picket and one wounded while on picket; two wounded while the fort was under attack.
  • Tuesday, April 14, 1863
    106th Moved to Camp Hopkins (VA). Col James' discipline talked about. He had a "horse" mounted 14 feet high for the delinquents to ride out their punishments.
  • Wednesday, April 15, 1863
    Taxation for war funds discussed in editorials. Plenty of loyal north citizens happy to pay if there is care in spending!
  • Friday, April 17, 1863
    Grierson's Raid begins from La Grange, Tennessee
  • Tuesday, April 21, 1863
    There is a new Cavalry Regiment being raised. The 13th NY Cavalry, $175 bounty.
  • Wednesday, April 22, 1863
    92nd NY at Fort Anderson, NC. Dr Mansfield is popular in Regiment, considered one of the best surgeons in the department. April 1st, excitement about possible attack, most of the troops in the area sent to Washington, NC. Guns heard from that place about 40 miles away.
  • Wednesday, April 22, 1863
    60th NY – Officers state their political views, backing the government's policies, ONLY the suppression of the rebels acceptable end to the war.
  • Monday, April 27, 1863
    Chancellorsville Campaign – Through May 6 – 60th attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Corps, Army of the Potomac
  • Tuesday, April 28, 1863
    Soldiers Voting rights bill vetoed by Governor Seymour. Lincoln issued Proclamation for the Admission of West Virginia. It shall take effect in 60 days of April 21st 1863, providing that they comply with emancipation changes.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    106th NY – Fairmont (VA) – Companies D and F were captured after they defended a railroad bridge against a large Rebel force for several hours. One officer and 2 men were killed, 4 officers and 96 men captured. The companies were immediately released on parole. Another enlisted man was killed and 4 men wounded in fighting nearby.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    92nd NY – Fort Anderson (NC), 6,000-8,000 troops and 18 pieces of artillery sent from across the river and sent to Little Washington NC to support troops led by General Foster. This move strips most of the troops from New Bern. The 92nd considered to be reduced to 4 companies and sent to Washington to be filled up or consolidated.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    60th on April 20th did not expect to be still in the same place. They are ordered to be ready at any moment with 5 days rations, 40 rounds ammo, blankets, and 1/2 tent – about 40 lbs. First Sergeants of companies to keep memoranda in which they shall make a strict record of the deportment of each soldier. If meritorious he shall be rewarded, if otherwise, no furloughs, promotion or any other thing that makes a soldier's life desirable. A late order cancels any temporary leaves after May 1st.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    164th – Suffolk, VA – invested by Longstreet's forces, estimated at 50-70 thousand. He is trying to cut off communication with Norfolk, VA. Several attempts have been made without success.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    164th eight companies of the regiment and 1 pc of artillery, out on prowl, captured a camp of rebels.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    142nd now in Suffolk, VA
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    16th's term of service will expire on the 25th of May; another article says it will muster out on the 15th of May and it has 215 "3–year men" who will be transferred to a different regiment.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    Wagner's Photography advertises postage stamp sized pictures 15 for $1.00.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    106th NY Regiment left North Mountain to Grafton and Philippi (VA). Skirmished, then retreated back to Grafton. Companies D and F captured and taken prisoners at Fairmount. Company B and others sent to reinforce, but they were too late. (May 3rd the 106th Prisoners were paroled and sent to Pennsylvania. )
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    Casualties in the 60th at Chancellorsville (VA) – lost 14 Killed or mortally wounded. Lt. Louis Carnathan and two other officers along with 37 enlisted men wounded.
  • Wednesday, April 29, 1863
    Casualties in the 16th at Fredericksburg (VA) and Salem Church (Chancellorsville Battle) – Lost 1 officer and 35 men killed or mortally wounded, and 5 officers and 96 enlisted men wounded, with 17 enlisted men captured or missing.
  • Friday, May 1, 1863
    3rd Session, 1st Confederate Congress, adjourns; battle of Port Gibson (Mississippi) (Vicksburg Campaign); battle of Chancellorsville (Virginia) (to the 4th)
  • Friday, May 1, 1863
    Major John Curtis Gilmore earned the Medal of Honor when he "Seized the colors of his regiment and gallantly rallied his men under a very severe fire"
  • Wednesday, May 6, 1863
    60th NY, 16th NY, and Army of the Potomac across the Rappahannock River at Four Points (VA). The individual Generals did not have strategic Plan orders until across river.
  • Tuesday, May 12, 1863
    Battle of Raymond (Mississippi) (Vicksburg Campaign)
  • Tuesday, May 12, 1863
    92nd still at Fort Anderson (NC), rest of the brigade left for Plymouth, VA.
  • Thursday, May 14, 1863
    Battle of Jackson (Mississippi) (Vicksburg Campaign)
  • Saturday, May 16, 1863
    Battle of Champion Hill (Mississippi) (Vicksburg Campaign)
  • Sunday, May 17, 1863
    Battle of Big Black River Bridge (Mississippi)(Vicksburg Campaign)
  • Monday, May 18, 1863
    Vicksburg, Mississippi, siege begins (to July 4)
  • Tuesday, May 19, 1863
    1st Vicksburg assault by Union
  • Tuesday, May 19, 1863
    Captain John Haddock, formerly connected with the St. Lawrence Republican, has been discharged from US service for violating the sovereignty of a friendly power in arresting a deserter in Canada.
  • Wednesday, May 20, 1863
    16th Regiment in Albany, NY (May 14th) to Muster out. Captain Wood not dead as reported, he is prisoner at Richmond.
  • Thursday, May 21, 1863
    Port Hudson, Louisiana, siege begins (to July 8)
  • Friday, May 22, 1863
    2nd Union assault at Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Sunday, May 24, 1863
    Black regiment, 54th Massachusetts, soon to conduct active service.
  • Wednesday, May 27, 1863
    1st Union assault at Port Hudson, Louisiana
  • Wednesday, June 3, 1863
    92nd's Captain Boswell lectures on the news of Chancellorsville (VA), calls a spade a spade. (Poor leadership for the Army of the Potomac!)
  • Wednesday, June 3, 1863
    Life in Potsdam goes on: concerts, baseball games, Court Procedures, and jurors listed.
  • Sunday, June 7, 1863
    Battle of Milliken's Bend (Louisiana)
  • Tuesday, June 9, 1863
    Battle of Brandy Station (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, June 10, 1863
    92nd surviving hot weather and some action or threats of action.
  • Thursday, June 11, 1863
    Gettysburg Campaign – Through July 24
  • Sunday, June 14, 1863
    2nd Union assault at Port Hudson; battle of 2nd Winchester (Virginia)
  • Sunday, June 14, 1863
    106th NY at Martinsburg, West Virginia – lost 1 Officer and 20 men captured
  • Monday, June 15, 1863
    Stephenson's Depot (Virginia)
  • Monday, June 15, 1863
    60th left Aquia Creek (VA) June 13th; at Fairfax Courthouse Col. Abel Godard joined the regiment to take command. On the 18th of June the regiment formed with the rest of the Corps to witness the execution of three soldiers who had deserted numerous times. (This is always a sad time for the witnesses. It was almost always mentioned in letters home.)
  • Wednesday, June 17, 1863
    92nd still at Fort Anderson (NC); 12 or 13 regiments, who enlisted for 9 months, now ready to muster out. Still talking about consolidating the 92nd.
  • Wednesday, June 17, 1863
    The Malone papers report that the 98th would be consolidated into 5 companies. (On 25 July 1863 they report that the 98th is at New Bern, NC and that the consolidation revoked.)
  • Wednesday, June 17, 1863
    60th near Aquia Creek (June 9th) – Took active part in fight at Chancellorsville and distinguished itself, but was not in favor of falling back. Unit was ready for a rest though.
  • Wednesday, June 17, 1863
    Routine of drill and review of the troops for the General officers as often as 3 times a week.
  • Wednesday, June 17, 1863
    At the battle of Chancellorsville the rebels got a great deal of money. They held the battlefield and could easily rob the dead and wounded. One sergeant was found by a rebel surgeon who took his money because he thought he was going to die soon; he also took down the name and address of the soldier's parents. Whether the surgeon sent the money home or not, the author did not know. The soldier did not die until a few days before the letter was sent (early June) and was back within Union Lines.
  • Wednesday, June 17, 1863
    Pennsylvania: Harrisburg is calling for 100,000 6–month soldiers to help repel the rebel invasion.
  • Tuesday, June 23, 1863
    Tullahoma Campaign begun by Union (Tennessee) (to July 7)
  • Wednesday, June 24, 1863
    Rebel invasion still has not resulted in a battle.
  • Monday, June 29, 1863
    General Hooker removed from command of Army of the Potomac
  • Wednesday, July 1, 1863
    Battle of Gettysburg (Pennsylvania) (to the 3rd)
  • Wednesday, July 1, 1863
    Gettysburg Battle – through July 3rd – 60th NY was commanded by Col. Abel Godard. It brought 273 men to the field, losing 11 men killed, and Lt. Myron Stanly and 6 enlisted men mortally wounded, and one officer and 33 enlisted men wounded.
  • Wednesday, July 1, 1863
    Battery D, 1st NY Light Artillery was commanded at Gettysburg by Captain George Winslow. It brought 116 men to the field serving 6 – 12 pound Napoleons, and lost 10 wounded and 8 missing in fighting at the Wheatfield.
  • Wednesday, July 1, 1863
    92nd still at Fort Anderson, New Bern, NC. Supernumerary officers to be dismissed (if consolidated). The regiment waiting for orders.
  • Wednesday, July 1, 1863
    General Meade now commander of the army of the Potomac
  • Wednesday, July 1, 1863
    "Scotts 900", (Companies B and C) under Major Remington in action at Fairfax Courthouse, VA. They drove the rebels until caught in an ambush. Only 18 of Major Remington's command have returned, the rest captured or left on the field.
  • Saturday, July 4, 1863
    Vicksburg, Mississippi, surrenders to Union
  • Wednesday, July 8, 1863
    Port Hudson, Louisiana, surrenders to Union; Morgan's raid north of the Ohio begins in Indiana (to the 26th)
  • Wednesday, July 8, 1863
    Victory at Gettysburg.
  • Wednesday, July 8, 1863
    92nd – No reorganization of the regiment ordered yet. Letter from Captain Boswell opines (correctly) that Richmond will not be captured by Peninsula Route.
  • Wednesday, July 8, 1863
    Substitutes (for drafted men) to be accepted by paying $300.00
  • Friday, July 10, 1863
    Union siege of Battery Wagner in Charleston Harbor,South Carolina, begins (to September 6)
  • Saturday, July 11, 1863
    First Union assault on Battery Wagner in Charleston Harbor
  • Monday, July 13, 1863
    New York City draft riots begin (to the 15th)
  • Tuesday, July 14, 1863
    Editorial "For once the importance of our victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg does not dwindle by subsequent reports"
  • Wednesday, July 15, 1863
    Vicksburg battle described. NY City Riot described. On August 4th it was reported that two from the North Country in the 13th Cavalry were killed during the riots; they were robbed of their bounty money.
  • Wednesday, July 15, 1863
    Drafted men from Potsdam listed. Ladies Auxiliary raised money for the relief of soldiers – $167.00.
  • Wednesday, July 15, 1863
    A number of bachelors over 35 were drafted and laughed at for not being married; they maliciously replied "it is better to serve 3 years than life."
  • Wednesday, July 15, 1863
    On the 16th of July there remained in Gettysburg 5,000 Union wounded and 6,000 Rebel wounded.
  • Saturday, July 18, 1863
    2nd Union assault on Battery Wagner in Charleston Harbor
  • Wednesday, July 22, 1863
    Men drafted in St Lawrence County listed. 1,919 men from SL county and 839 from Franklin County.
  • Wednesday, July 22, 1863
    Celebration in Potsdam on July 15th for victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg. Guns were fired and fireworks set off.
  • Sunday, July 26, 1863
    John Hunt Morgan captured at New Lisbon, Ohio
  • Wednesday, July 29, 1863
    92nd at Fort Anderson, NC. Library of 204 volumes. Fort Anderson pickets attacked by 50. Sgt., corporal and three privates captured and removed. They await exchange
  • Wednesday, August 5, 1863
    Morris Island, SC (Fort Wagner) fight described. Losses at 985. Black prisoners mistreated along with white officers. Retaliation called for.
  • Wednesday, August 5, 1863
    Confederate guerilla Morgan captured.
  • Wednesday, August 12, 1863
    President Lincoln's Secretary Nicolay drafted.
  • Wednesday, August 12, 1863
    92nd at Fort Anderson (NC) report that the 3rd NY Cavalry raid in the interior of North Carolina. Union cavalry catching up to rebels in fighting ability.
  • Wednesday, August 12, 1863
    98th NY on Railroad duty between Morehead and New Bern, NC.
  • Wednesday, August 12, 1863
    106th NY – Col. E.C. James resigns, Lt. Col. Frederick E. Embrick now in command.
  • Monday, August 17, 1863
    Fort Sumter, South Carolina, bombarded by Union
  • Wednesday, August 19, 1863
    60th NY – near Ellis Ford, VA (August 12) – 12th Corps guard the river fords between Ellis Ford and Kelly's Ford, about seven miles of river. One year ago in same area, but with Pope in Command.
  • Wednesday, August 19, 1863
    Rebel Conscription – All white males between 18 and 45 who are not already under arms.
  • Friday, August 21, 1863
    Lawrence, Kansas, sacked by Quantrill's Confederate raiders
  • Wednesday, August 26, 1863
    92nd NY – Rebel Officer under flag of truce "shown around". The General in Union Command was not happy about rebel being "shown around."
  • Wednesday, August 26, 1863
    106th NY – Since June 13th in constant motion, marched 300 miles from Martinsburg to Harpers Ferry (VA) to Washington, DC to Frederick City, MD to South Mountain, MD. There they joined the Army of the Potomac, 3rd Corps under General French, Lt. Col. Embrick in command with Major Townsend second in command. They left Dr Petit in charge of hospital at North Mountain (VA). Captain McDonald will be promoted to Major, Lt. Alfred Hooker to Captain.
  • Tuesday, September 1, 1863
    So far in the army in the 5 regiments from St Lawrence County 4,010 men; and about 2,000 in other regiments
  • Sunday, September 6, 1863
    Battery Wagner in Charleston Harbor abandoned by Confederates
  • Tuesday, September 8, 1863
    Rifle Making in Watertown. Hoards Rifle Factory, in Watertown, turning out 500 rifles per week. They are highly spoken of and inspected by Government agents on the spot.
  • Thursday, September 10, 1863
    Little Rock, Arkansas, captured by Union
  • Wednesday, September 16, 1863
    92nd's Major Hall commissioned Colonel (This happened, but I don't think he served as Colonel). Letter from soldier opines on blacks serving in the Rebel army. "They are too valuable at $1000 a man to lose during the war."
  • Wednesday, September 16, 1863
    Advertisement for artificial limbs, James A. Foster of West Stockholm displaying limbs at Canton Fair.
  • Saturday, September 19, 1863
    Battle of Chickamauga (Georgia) (to the 20th)
  • Tuesday, September 22, 1863
    Ogdensburg Musical Association Benefit raises money by concerts and gives to families of volunteers.
  • Tuesday, September 22, 1863
    Through October 3 – 60th NY and the 11th and 12th corps were transferred to the Army of the Cumberland near Bridgeport, Alabama and Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • Wednesday, September 30, 1863
    92nd NY still at Fort Anderson (NC) with 365 on rolls, but only 300 others on detached service.
  • Wednesday, October 7, 1863
    92nd NY relieved from Fort duty by 2nd NY Heavy Artillery.
  • Friday, October 9, 1863
    Bristoe Campaign begins in Virginia (to the 22nd)
  • Wednesday, October 14, 1863
    Battle of Bristoe Station (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, October 20, 1863
    6,000 drafted men sent to Riker's Island near New York City to train. Almost the same sent to Elmira, NY.
  • Wednesday, October 21, 1863
    92nd back at Fort Anderson, NC. It is the 2nd anniversary of the organization of the regiment. 300,000 more called by President Lincoln to be supplied by draft, volunteers to be deducted from draft and to be paid bounties. Conscripts preferred to Army of the Potomac, not enough for 92nd.
  • Tuesday, October 27, 1863
    Rosecrans replaced by General Thomas in Chattanooga (TN), and overall command of the department under General Grant
  • Tuesday, October 27, 1863
    Tom Thumb and wife visiting in Ogdensburg this week.
  • Wednesday, October 28, 1863
    106th on picket; ordered to fall back, but surrounded by rebel cavalry. "Surrender or fight" was the question, fight they did. This fight near Bull Run battlefield; Casualties 3 Killed, 8 wounded and 18 missing. (This took place during the Bristoe Campaign, Oct.11th, 1863 near Culpepper Courthouse, VA)
  • Thursday, October 29, 1863
    Battle of Wauhatchie, Lookout Valley, near Chattanooga, TN. 60th did not fight there; the rest of Geary's Division attacked by Longstreet Troops at night. They were repelled.
  • Wednesday, November 4, 1863
    Battle at Lookout Valley, Tennessee described (Wauhatchie night fight Oct. 30, 1863)
  • Saturday, November 7, 1863
    Battle of Rappahannock Station (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, November 10, 1863
    Election returns strong for the union ticket; at least 2/3 winning.
  • Wednesday, November 11, 1863
    The route taken by the 60th from Rapidan River to Bridgeport, Alabama described. On the 27th October the 60th and Geary's 2nd division of the 12th Corps were ordered to cross the Tennessee River and march toward Chattanooga, about 28 miles up the river. They will fight to open up supply lines to Chattanooga. The landscape described as being similar to Hollywood (South Colton) and Piercefield, NY.
  • Wednesday, November 11, 1863
    92nd – Colonel Anderson returned from Washington with 22 soldiers, including 4 or 5 deserters. Most men stayed in Washington and manned Washington's defenses. Many arrested while on the way back after sick leave. They will have time to prove their innocence.
  • Wednesday, November 11, 1863
    142nd NY at Folly Island, South Carolina. They have been there since August 17th, 1863, except for a few days during the bombardment of Fort Sumter. The health of the regiment has not been good since their arrival on the Island.
  • Wednesday, November 18, 1863
    16th NY Heavy Artillery at Yorktown, VA
  • Wednesday, November 18, 1863
    13th NY Cavalry at Germantown, VA; parts of Company G captured by Moseby's Band
  • Wednesday, November 18, 1863
    Diseases and Infirmities exempting men from draft were listed, including "Manifest imbecility"
  • Wednesday, November 18, 1863
    Major (Seth Pierre) Remington back in St. Lawrence County recruiting for "Scotts 900".
  • Monday, November 23, 1863
    Through November 27 – Battle of Chattanooga
  • Monday, November 23, 1863
    60th at Lookout Mountain and Ringgold, TN; lose 10 men killed or mortally wounded, with 5 officers and 35 enlisted men wounded.
  • Monday, November 23, 1863
    Battle of Chattanooga (Tennessee) (to the 25th)
  • Wednesday, November 25, 1863
    Rumors of plot by secessionists from Montreal, Canada to loot Rouses Point and Plattsburgh, NY.
  • Wednesday, November 25, 1863
    National cemetery at Gettysburg dedicated; Gettysburg Address reprinted in Courier.
  • Wednesday, November 25, 1863
    60th NY – (November 1st, 1863) crossed the Tennessee River on the 27th; Wauhatchie battle described, but 60th not engaged; they were left back at Whiteside to guard a crossing there. 11th and 12th Corps soldiers derided by Army of the Cumberland soldiers. Wounded from Battles sent back to Bridgeport (AL) – 137 lost, 16 killed, 75 Wounded (the most in the brigade). Brigade's General George Sears Greene wounded seriously in face.
  • Wednesday, November 25, 1863
    Naval letter states that the USS Magnolia captured the British Steamer "Memphis" and the prize courts condemned it. Ordinary sailors get $1,736; 1st class firemen get $2849.75 in "spoils of War."
  • Thursday, November 26, 1863
    Mine Run Campaign begins in Virginia (to December 2)
  • Friday, November 27, 1863
    106th NY lost 2 men killed, one man mortally wounded, 1 officer and 11 men wounded at Locust Grove (VA) during the Mine Run Campaign.
  • Sunday, November 29, 1863
    Battle of Fort Sanders (Knoxville, Tennessee)
  • Wednesday, December 2, 1863
    Victories in Chattanooga (TN) discussed (including much disinformation as far as who was there)
  • Monday, December 7, 1863
    4th Session, 1st Confederate Congress, convenes; 1st Session, 38th Congress, convenes
  • Wednesday, December 9, 1863
    "Much to do about nothing" siege of Knoxville, TN, over and Rebel General Longstreet heading back to Virginia.
  • Wednesday, December 16, 1863
    Pension bureau reports that there are only 18 Revolutionary War Pensioners still on rolls.
  • Wednesday, December 16, 1863
    92nd NY – The Sabbath is a casualty of War. Men on detached service return to Regiment. They have 318 officers and men, out of 363 on rolls. General Grant mopping up after Battle of Chattanooga. Rebel General Bragg removed from Command of CSA Army of Tennessee.
  • Wednesday, December 23, 1863
    60th NY – Battle of Lookout Mountain (TN) described with casualties listed (one month after the fact). All the dead were shot in the head. 60th did not participate in the Missionary Ridge battle on November 25th. They did fight at Ringgold (TN).
  • Wednesday, December 23, 1863
    "Scotts 900" recruits will get bounty money.
  • Wednesday, December 23, 1863
    The death of General Corcoran. The General died of wounds suffered from a fall from his horse. He was the commander of the Irish Legion, which included the 164th NY included in its ranks
  • Wednesday, December 30, 1863
    Soldier from 10th Minnesota Regiment described Indian Wars in the West.
  • Wednesday, December 30, 1863
    60th is being reenlisted as a veteran Regiment for three years. Regiment will be allowed to go home for 30 days leave for furlough and to recruit to fill up ranks.
  • Wednesday, December 30, 1863
    Prisoner exchanges still having problems because of treatment of black soldiers.

1864

  • Wednesday, January 6, 1864
    Franklin County: several towns have filled their (enlistment) quotas. 15 out of 16 towns have $300.00 local bounties.
  • Wednesday, January 6, 1864
    98th NY have re-enlisted and will soon be home.
  • Thursday, January 7, 1864
    106th NY: Doctor Calvin Skinner has resigned his commission and returned to Malone. Assistant Surgeon Frederick Pettit died on the 24th of Dec 1863 because of accidental axe wounds to the foot.
  • Thursday, January 7, 1864
    14th NY Heavy Artillery, 3rd battalion: 446 men, arrived in Rochester, NY on 20 December 1863 to train.
  • Thursday, January 7, 1864
    142nd NY: Captain John D Ransom arrived in Ogdensburg to recruit. When he left the regiment near Charleston, SC the 142nd numbered 700 men and was enjoying good health.
  • Thursday, January 7, 1864
    Interesting to deserters: The President of the US and the Secretary of State both direct the newspaper to state that deserters in Canada who will return to their regiment shall not be punished or harmed.
  • Tuesday, January 12, 1864
    60th NY: Captured flags presented to the NY Assembly. 149th presented an Alabama Regiment's National Flag and the 60th presented another rebel national flag in good condition.
  • Tuesday, January 12, 1864
    $300 Commutation clause not to be repealed. (The clause that allowed a person to pay $300 to get out of draft)
  • Tuesday, January 12, 1864
    The Recuperative powers of the Union: Rev Dr Powers of Springfield, Mass stated that 1,800,000 men have been called into the field; 2,000 battles have taken place; 210,000 men have been killed, wounded or taken prisoner since the war began. Yet in the meantime, 487,000 young men have reached military age.
  • Wednesday, January 13, 1864
    60th NY re-enlisted and on the way home for veteran's furlough, the train had an accident near Antwerp, NY. Only a few of the "boys" slightly bruised. Formal reception of the regiment Thursday, introduced Color Sgts. William Lahey of Co. I and Sgt L.L. Buck of Co. A with their war torn and battered flag. While at Ogdensburg they will be looking for recruits to fill up the ranks.
  • Wednesday, January 20, 1864
    92nd NY: A private sentenced to death for desertion. He was one of three that deserted to the enemy in order to be paroled to "get a visit home while waiting to be exchanged". (That soldier later died of disease, before his sentence could be carried out)
  • Wednesday, January 20, 1864
    60th NY: some of the 60th fought side by side with 149th NYers near a barn in order to sharp shoot at Confederate Battery in Ringgold Gap. This caused the rebel battery to be withdrawn and ended the fighting there (27 November 1863) First installment of new recruits for the 60th to arrive at Camp Wheeler, about 90 men.
  • Wednesday, January 20, 1864
    Potsdam Courier lists 93 recruits enlisting for President's latest call for troops.
  • Tuesday, February 2, 1864
    Three deserters failed to cross the ice of the St Lawrence River. They were arrested and are in jail at Ogdensburg.
  • Wednesday, February 3, 1864
    Town meetings to be held, to elect Town supervisors and other town officers
  • Wednesday, February 3, 1864
    "History of the 60th NY" by Richard Eddy on sale by subscription for $ 1.25; will be delivered March 1st 1864. (60th History covers July 1861- 7 January 1864; it does not include history as a veteran regiment)
  • Wednesday, February 3, 1864
    Meridian Campaign begins in Mississippi (to the 14th)
  • Tuesday, February 9, 1864
    16 British Soldiers of the 47th Regiment stationed in Kingston, CW (Ontario) came over the St Lawrence river on the ice and proceeded to Watertown to enlist in American service. Six men of the same regiment came over a few days earlier. Nothing but a close watch will keep the whole regiment from deserting.
  • Wednesday, February 10, 1864
    92nd NY working on improving Fort Anderson in New Berne, NC. They were vaccinated again, on the principle that "we can't be too safe"
  • Tuesday, February 16, 1864
    The district Attorney of St Lawrence County at Ogdensburg has requested that the village withdraw their local currency for a uniform currency.
  • Tuesday, February 16, 1864
    Colonel Abel Godard spoke to the Soldier's Aid society of Richville. A supper after, raised money for the relief of soldiers and their families. After a discussion they all decided to double their donation for the supper to $1.00 each.
  • Wednesday, February 17, 1864
    60th NY Veteran Infantry left Ogdensburg 13 February 1864 for the Chattanooga area. They were presented a new flag and asked Col. Judson to convey the old flag to Albany to be preserved by the Bureau of Military Statistics. Captain Hugh Smith remained to pick up a few stragglers who hadn't reached here (O'burg) in time for the first train.
  • Wednesday, February 17, 1864
    4th (final) Session, 1st Confederate Congress, adjourns
  • Thursday, February 18, 1864
    109 Union officers escaped Libby prison in Richmond.
  • Saturday, February 20, 1864
    Battle of Olustee (Florida). 22-Battle of Okolona (Mississippi)
  • Tuesday, February 23, 1864
    Martin Claffy deserted and went to Canada but came back to enlist in the interior of the state. He was found in the bottom of a sleigh covered by a buffalo robe. He was arrested. (But served with the 142nd NY until transferred to the 169th NY at the end of the war.
  • Tuesday, February 23, 1864
    142nd near Charleston, SC: a group of pickets from 142nd saw a porpoise trapped in a hole. They shot at it until it was killed. It weighed 1400 lbs. The shooting alarmed the whole camp. "It was decidedly a fish story."
  • Tuesday, February 23, 1864
    The Canton Plaindealer is agitating for a fire engine for the village. A village the size of Canton should have more than pails for extinguishing fires.
  • Wednesday, February 24, 1864
    Scott's 900: stationed near Washington for the last two years. Their Colonel, James B Swain, discharged from service for gross neglect of duty, using false musters and disobedience of orders.
  • Tuesday, March 1, 1864
    142nd on the 10th Feb made a raid on John's Island, surprised the enemy, had a bit of a fight and drove them. Only three of the regiment wounded, including Sgt. Major Johnson.
  • Tuesday, March 1, 1864
    A judge, after decreeing that a prisoner be hung by the neck until dead, said: "I hope that you will take this as a warning"
  • Wednesday, March 2, 1864
    60th NY- while returning to Tennessee, Private Henry Ladue, a new recruit, slipped under the train and had his legs amputated by the train. He later died in Jeffersonville, KY.
  • Wednesday, March 2, 1864
    No draft necessary for NY State because of enlistments.
  • Wednesday, March 9, 1864
    92nd NY all quiet in Fort Anderson, veteran Volunteers not permitted to have furloughs yet.
  • Saturday, March 12, 1864
    Red River Campaign begins (Louisiana)
  • Tuesday, March 15, 1864
    200,000 immigrants arrived in the US during 1863.
  • Tuesday, March 15, 1864
    12 Revolutionary War Pensioners survive, the youngest 92 and the oldest 105.
  • Wednesday, March 16, 1864
    60th NY completing quarters in Stevenson, Alabama - "a true union soldier will make themselves comfortable." Col. Ireland in command of the Brigade. Lt. Thomas Hobart of Company C, presented sword "for gallantry at Chancellorsville"
  • Wednesday, March 16, 1864
    47th NY Infantry Regiment with soldiers from St Lawrence County participates in Battle of Olustee, Florida (20 February 1864)
  • Wednesday, March 16, 1864
    98th NY returned to Malone, 96th NY to Plattsburgh.
  • Thursday, March 17, 1864
    Lt General Grant takes command of all Union Troops. His headquarters will be in the field with Army of the Potomac.
  • Thursday, March 17, 1864
    All towns in Franklin County vote for Constitutional Amendment allowing the soldier's absentee vote except Bombay. In St Lawrence County, 6926 for the vote, 190 against it.
  • Wednesday, March 23, 1864
    60th NY at Stevenson, Alabama, readying for campaign: "jealousy between western troops and eastern troops fast subsiding."
  • Wednesday, March 23, 1864
    92nd receives 10 new recruits.
  • Wednesday, March 23, 1864
    14th NY Heavy Artillery stationed in NY Harbor at Fort Schyler and at Sandy Hook.
  • Wednesday, March 23, 1864
    St Lawrence County towns paid $121,700 in bounties in Dec 1863.
  • Wednesday, March 30, 1864
    60th NY and 102nd NY rumored to be combined. (This did not happen, 102nd and 78th NY were combined)
  • Wednesday, March 30, 1864
    Wooden Legs sold by A. N. Tupper in Potsdam.
  • Wednesday, April 6, 1864
    106th NY in Camp near Brandy Station, VA. Lt Col. Townsend commands the regiment. Col. Embrick dismissed from service, has been reinstated, but due to low numbers in regiment he can't be mustered. 106th in General Morris' brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Corps. The old 3rd Corps broken up.
  • Wednesday, April 6, 1864
    60th NY - Stevenson, Alabama on 27 March 1864 had 12 inches of snow! Their brigade doing picket and provost duty at Stevenson, Alabama post. The men that did not re-enlist were returned from 137th NY where they served while the veteran regiment was on furlough. This adds 45 to regiment. Regiment to be ready to move in 24 hours notice.
  • Friday, April 8, 1864
    Battle of Mansfield (Louisiana)
  • Saturday, April 9, 1864
    Battle of Pleasant Hill (Louisiana)
  • Tuesday, April 12, 1864
    General Grant is secreting plans from the press. Never before in this war have the newspapers been so in the dark about the next place of attack.
  • Tuesday, April 12, 1864
    Fort Pillow, Tennessee, massacre; battle of Blair's Landing (Louisiana) (to the 13th)
  • Sunday, April 17, 1864
    Battle of Plymouth (North Carolina) (to the 20th)
  • Wednesday, April 20, 1864
    14th NY Heavy Artillery at Willets Point, NY Harbor. Company M from Potsdam and Parishville area. The regiment has lost 22 by desertion; most deserters from Canada.
  • Wednesday, April 20, 1864
    Fort Pillow's gruesome statistics published. (Nathan B Forrest's Cavalry attacked and captured Fort Pillow, killing many Black soldiers after they surrendered.)
  • Saturday, April 30, 1864
    Battle of Jenkins' Ferry (Arkansas)
  • Monday, May 2, 1864
    1st Session, 2nd Confederate Congress, convenes
  • Thursday, May 5, 1864
    Battle of the Wilderness - through May 7
  • Thursday, May 5, 1864
    Battle of the Wilderness - 6th NY Heavy Artillery - 4 killed , 1 wounded, 10 missing
  • Thursday, May 5, 1864
    Battle of the Wilderness - 106th NY - 5 killed, 5 wounded, 1 missing
  • Thursday, May 5, 1864
    Operations against Petersburg and Richmond (Swift Creek, Drewry's Bluff, Chaffins Farm) through May 31
  • Thursday, May 5, 1864
    Operations against Petersburg and Richmond - 142 NY Infantry - 42 Killed, 64 wounded , 13 missing
  • Thursday, May 5, 1864
    Battle of the Wilderness (Virginia) (to the 6th)
  • Friday, May 6, 1864
    Battle of Port Walthall junction (Virginia) (to the 7th)
  • Saturday, May 7, 1864
    Atlanta Campaign (to September 2) begins from Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • Sunday, May 8, 1864
    Spotsylvania - through May 21
  • Sunday, May 8, 1864
    Spotsylvania - 6th NY Heavy Artillery - 40 killed, 108 wounded, 12 missing
  • Sunday, May 8, 1864
    Spotsylvania - 14th Heavy artillery - 14 killed, 37 wounded, 3 missing
  • Sunday, May 8, 1864
    Spotsylvania - 106th Infantry - 10 killed, 24 wounded
  • Sunday, May 8, 1864
    Spotsylvania - 164th NY Infantry - 23 Killed, 62 wounded, 7 missing
  • Sunday, May 8, 1864
    Battle of Spotsylvania (Virginia) (to the 21st)
  • Monday, May 9, 1864
    Battles of Snake Creek Gap and Dalton (Georgia) (latter to the 13th)
  • Wednesday, May 11, 1864
    John T Rutherford (Madrid), 9th NY Cavalry, Medal of Honor
    Citation: Made a successful charge at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, 11 May 1864, by which 90 prisoners were captured. On 27 May 1864, in a gallant dash on a superior force of the enemy, and in a personal encounter, captured his opponent.
  • Wednesday, May 11, 1864
    60th NY: all quiet on the Tennessee; 11th and 12th Corps consolidated into 20th Corps. General Slocum removed as commander of the Twelfth, General Hooker to Command the 20th.
  • Wednesday, May 11, 1864
    92nd at Yorktown, VA, 3 May 1864. In 18th Corps, General Brooks Division, Col. Sanders 3rd Brigade, 96th NY and 98th NY there too. Most Regiments are full. 92nd NY Regiment looks like a company in comparison to most other regiments.
  • Wednesday, May 11, 1864
    14th NY Heavy Artillery in Warrington Junction, VA, 3 May 1864, They arrived in Washington from New York, 1800 strong, 27 April, then marched to Alexandria, VA to Fairfax, VA then to Warrington Junction. "It was a sore disappointment for some of the boys to have to pack knapsacks and march in the fashion of infantry." No one in the regiment expected to be used as infantry.
  • Wednesday, May 11, 1864
    106th NY near Brandy Station 3 May. Received marching orders to cross the Rapidan at the same place as last fall.
  • Wednesday, May 11, 1864
    Battle of Yellow Tavern (Virginia)
  • Thursday, May 12, 1864
    Captain Dayton P. Clarke (of Hermon, NY), 2nd Vermont Infantry, Company F - Medal of Honor
    Citation: Distinguished conduct in a desperate hand - to -hand combat while commanding the regiment.
  • Saturday, May 14, 1864
    60th NY at Calhoun Ford, Georgia have been fighting and marching continuously since May 4th.
  • Saturday, May 14, 1864
    Battle of Resaca (Georgia) to the 15th
  • Sunday, May 15, 1864
    Battle of New Market (Virginia)
  • Monday, May 16, 1864
    Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, May 18, 1864
    Scott's 900- (11th NY Cavalry) at Doyle's Plantation, Louisiana; not Texas as rumored. They are doing duty as detachments, not as a whole regiment. Doyle is now a rebel Guerrilla leader. Original part of the regiment not pleased at being called 11th NY Cavalry "but what's in a name?"
  • Monday, May 23, 1864
    Battle of the North Anna (Virginia) (to the 26th)
  • Wednesday, May 25, 1864
    Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia through May 27, Follett Johnson - Medal of Honor
  • Wednesday, May 25, 1864
    60th NY involved in finding rebel lines, they found them dug in and the 60th's skirmisher or picket lines were harassed by sharp shooters in the woods. Several of the regiment had been hit by these sharpshooters. They located a tree behind which a confederate sharpshooter had hid. The sharpshooter was waiting for a union target to show himself. Private Follett Johnson volunteered to stand up to provide that target while two of his comrades focused on the tree with their muskets. Johnson stood up, the Confederate stepped out to shoot and Follett's comrades did their job, dropping the sharpshooter in his tracks. For this action Follett Johnson was given the Medal of Honor. Follett survived the war and eventually moved to Massena, NY, became a police officer and died there 9 March 1909. He is buried in Pine Grove Cemetery, Massena.
  • Wednesday, May 25, 1864
    Battle of New Hope Church (Georgia) (to June 4)
  • Monday, May 30, 1864
    Bethesda Church (Virginia) (to June 3)
  • Tuesday, May 31, 1864
    Battle of Cold Harbor - through June 12
  • Tuesday, May 31, 1864
    Battle of Cold Harbor - 6th NY Heavy Artillery - 8 killed, 8 wounded
  • Tuesday, May 31, 1864
    Battle of Cold Harbor - 92nd NY - 25 killed, 63 wounded
  • Tuesday, May 31, 1864
    Battle of Cold Harbor - 14th NY Heavy Artillery - 28 killed, 36 wounded. 51 missing
  • Tuesday, May 31, 1864
    Battle of Cold Harbor - 106th NY Infantry - 33 killed, 80 wounded, 21 missing
  • Tuesday, May 31, 1864
    Battle of Cold Harbor - 142nd NY Infantry - 4 killed, 6 wounded
  • Tuesday, May 31, 1864
    Battle of Cold Harbor - 164th NY Infantry - 62 killed, 42 wounded, 53 missing
  • Wednesday, June 1, 1864
    As of 28 May, Grant's Army of the Potomac within 15 miles of Richmond.
  • Wednesday, June 1, 1864
    Battle of Cold Harbor (Virginia) (to the 3rd)
  • Tuesday, June 7, 1864
    Elmira barracks to be converted for rebel prisoners. They are expecting 8,000-10,000 prisoners.
  • Wednesday, June 8, 1864
    Wounded from Overland Campaign taken to Fredericksburg first.
  • Wednesday, June 8, 1864
    Malone's paper, The Palladium, declares the battle of Cold Harbor, or Coal Harbor, a great victory!
  • Wednesday, June 8, 1864
    60th NY's Lieutenant EA Merritt confirmed by Senate to be Captain and Assistant Commissary of Subsistence.
  • Wednesday, June 8, 1864
    Scott's 900 grateful for the soldiers' vote.
  • Wednesday, June 8, 1864
    98th NY Colonel Weed amongst those killed at Cold Harbor
  • Wednesday, June 8, 1864
    6th NY Heavy artillery's Company M was recruited in St Lawrence County, casualties listed.
  • Friday, June 10, 1864
    Battle of Brice's Crossroads (Mississippi)
  • Saturday, June 11, 1864
    Battle of Trevilian Station (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, June 14, 1864
    1st Session, 2nd Confederate Congress, adjourns; battle of Pine Mountain (Georgia)
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    Assault on Petersburg - through June 17
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    Assault on Petersburg - 6th NY Heavy Artillery - 13 killed, 78 wounded, 1 missing
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    Assault on Petersburg - 14th NY Heavy Artillery - 61 killed, 101 wounded, 50 missing
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    Assault on Petersburg - 92nd NY Infantry - 1 killed, 10 wounded
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    Assault on Petersburg - 106th NY Infantry - 3 killed, 2 wounded , 3 missing
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    Assault on Petersburg - 164th NY Infantry - 15 killed, 47 wounded, 1 missing
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    Assault on Petersburg - 142nd NY Infantry - 7 killed, 24 wounded
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    106th Losses at "Coal Harbor:" Lieutenant Colonel Townsend Killed, Major McDonald Captured (Missing) 16 men killed, 94 men wounded or missing.
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    92nd NY now reduced to 10 officers and 120 Men. Colonel Anderson Killed while leading a charge, 14 men killed, 78 wounded, 3 missing.
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    60th NY: From Battle field at Dallas, May 30, 1864 - from 25-29 May, 4 killed, 4 mortally wounded and have died, 18 wounded. The fighting is not done.
  • Wednesday, June 15, 1864
    Petersburg, Virginia, assaults (to the 18th) by Union
  • Saturday, June 18, 1864
    Petersburg, Virginia, siege begun by Union (to April 2,1865)
  • Sunday, June 19, 1864
    Battle of the USS Kearsarge and the CSS Alabama off Cherbourg, France
  • Wednesday, June 22, 1864
    14th Heavy Artillery (7 June 1864) 8 miles from Richmond; they have lost 150 killed and wounded, 100 taken prisoners. 106th NY about 1 mile away, 142nd NY and 92nd NY within 1½ mile of their position.
  • Wednesday, June 22, 1864
    98th NY: Losses in the 98th at Cold Harbor were 11 killed 81 wounded 13 missing.
  • Monday, June 27, 1864
    Battle of Kennesaw Mountain (Georgia),
  • Wednesday, June 29, 1864
    60th NY in line of battle near Acworth, GA and 10 miles from Marietta, GA on 7 June 1864. Since May 29th had 1 killed and 1 wounded.
  • Wednesday, June 29, 1864
    92nd at Petersburg, Virginia; in the attempt by the 18th Corps to capture Petersburg, the 92nd played a prominent part. Their skirmish line captured a whole line of the enemy's works. Taking 500 prisoners and 12-15 guns. 92nd went in with 100 men and 5 officers and had no men killed and only 7 wounded.
  • Monday, July 4, 1864
    1st Session, 38th Congress, adjourns
  • Wednesday, July 6, 1864
    92nd (in battle for Petersburg and charge to take Battery 5) Private George L. Foot Co D. captured 10 prisoners by himself. Private Prentice Previer and 5 others captured 12 guns. 8 men wounded in addition to other list (total 15)
  • Wednesday, July 6, 1864
    60th NY - near Marietta, GA, June 18, 1864; Position not changed much except a gradual advance toward Atlanta. Battles on June 15th and 16th caused 2 killed and 22 wounded. (Battles of Pine Knob and Gigal Church or Gogatha.)
  • Wednesday, July 6, 1864
    92nd - Major Merriman had his arm shattered by a shell on 20 June; he leaves Captain Fay in command of Regiment.
  • Saturday, July 9, 1864
    Monocacy - 106th NY Infantry - 30 killed, 60 wounded, 43 missing
  • Saturday, July 9, 1864
    Battle of Monocacy (Maryland)
  • Monday, July 11, 1864
    Battle of Fort Stevens (Maryland)
  • Wednesday, July 13, 1864
    60th NY in line facing Kennesaw Mountain Line, 8 miles southwest of Big Shanty and 6 miles from Marietta, GA. Col. Godard has been compelled to leave on account of sickness. Senior Captain Thomas Elliott commands regiment. He has been promoted to Major but has not mustered at that rank.
  • Wednesday, July 13, 1864
    92nd NY - In trenches near Petersburg, the enemy's line is 500 feet apart; between lines are rifle pits. The pits are holes in the ground big enough for two or three men; they sit down in order to hide from the sharpshooters. To expose any part of a man's person is to draw fire from sharpshooters. "A man is anything but safe a mile distant." In addition, artillery shot and shell come in all times of the day. Yet the men are jolly and crack jokes as coolly as if it were 40 below instead of 100 above zero. They are taking casualties continually.
  • Wednesday, July 13, 1864
    Captain Thomas Hickey of the 164th NY died in Washington, DC from wounds that he received at Cold Harbor. He had no less than five wounds.
  • Thursday, July 14, 1864
    Battle of Tupelo (Mississippi)
  • Wednesday, July 20, 1864
    60th NY (July 2) still near Kennesaw Mountain line, battle goes on constantly, skirmishing all the time. Rebels have strong entrenchments on the Mountain. Where the 60th is, on the right, the rebels are not in as good a position and the Union right has made advances. Assault on Kennesaw Mountain ordered on the 27th of June, by our left. The 20th Corps not actively engaged. Assault failed on left. Geary's Division advanced to a woods and entrenched there. 7 wounded in this advance. 2 who were wounded previously have died. 60th constantly in presence of the enemy for 50 days. (July 5) Col. Godard to return to the regiment, some say "too soon;" he is still sick. E. A. Merritt, Quartermaster of the 60th regiment, promoted to Captain and transferred to Washington, DC in the US Army Commissary Department. (He was the man who wrote to the local newspapers from the start of the 60th's service until then.)
  • Wednesday, July 20, 1864
    106th losses for Battle of Monocacy Junction, July 9th: 30 killed or mortally wounded; 58 wounded but recovered; 43 missing and presumed prisoners.
  • Wednesday, July 20, 1864
    (The town of) Gouverneur on the 9 July voted to pay veteran volunteers credited to the town, $300 for 1 year enlistment, $400 for two years and $600 for 3 years enlistment. They are recruiting for the next call!
  • Wednesday, July 20, 1864
    Battle of Peachtree Creek (Georgia)
  • Friday, July 22, 1864
    Battle of Atlanta (Georgia)
  • Wednesday, July 27, 1864
    106th Two officers listed as being prisoners of war at Libby Prison in Richmond. They are Lieutenant Charles N Munson and Major AN McDonald.
  • Thursday, July 28, 1864
    Battle of Ezra Church (Georgia)
  • Saturday, July 30, 1864
    Mine Explosion (Petersburg)
  • Saturday, July 30, 1864
    14th NY Heavy Artillery - 19 killed, 35 wounded, 57 missing
  • Saturday, July 30, 1864
    142nd NY Infantry - 4 killed, 10 wounded
  • Saturday, July 30, 1864
    Charles H. Houghton, Captain, Company L, 14 NY Heavy Artillery - Medal of Honor
    Citation for both Mine Explosion, 30 July 1864 and Fort Hascell 25 March 1865, displayed most conspicuous gallantry and repeatedly exposed himself voluntarily to great danger, was three times wounded and suffered loss of a leg.
  • Saturday, July 30, 1864
    Petersburg Mine exploded by Union sappers and battle of the Crater follows (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, August 3, 1864
    New Hotel at Massena Springs. Oil wells in Western PA producing great excitement. Some are producing 60 barrels of crude a day. Some farms sold for $60,000.
  • Wednesday, August 3, 1864
    92nd Captain Boswell resigns his commission because of wounds suffered at Cold Harbor. (He was the correspondent to the Courier Freeman from the beginning of their service up until Cold Harbor. Signed his letters "Paley")
  • Wednesday, August 3, 1864
    Number of Veteran Volunteers credited to Potsdam is 32, they will receive $300.
  • Friday, August 5, 1864
    Battle of Mobile Bay (Alabama)
  • Wednesday, August 10, 1864
    Scott's 900 consolidated at Doyle's Plantation. Serving from there, Company G skirmishes and have 10 wounded. Sickness hitting the regiment, bad water said to be the cause.
  • Wednesday, August 10, 1864
    Company M, 14th NY Heavy Artillery, when they left New York Harbor, April 22, they had 132. Now only 31 left.
  • Wednesday, August 10, 1864
    Sanitary Department of Army have made an earnest request for preparation of blackberries for the soldiers. Blackberries have superior value in the treatment of certain diseases.
  • Wednesday, August 17, 1864
    60th NY (July 29th) entrenched within a mile from coveted Atlanta. General Hooker replaced as Corps Commander (by General H W Slocum). Hooker was liked within the regiment and Corps (but not by General Sherman).
  • Wednesday, August 17, 1864
    Town of Russell has furnished 341 men since the beginning of the war, they were all volunteers except 20 drafted men up to July 1864. They have furnished 1/10th of their entire population and two thirds of the legal voters.
  • Wednesday, August 17, 1864
    General Hooker visited relatives in Watertown, New York and was greeted with a band and a large concourse of citizens.
  • Thursday, August 18, 1864
    Blackberry Bee in Bangor and Brandon. They gather at least 300 bushels of blackberries. They will be dried and sent to the post offices to be packed and sent to the soldiers.
  • Thursday, August 18, 1864
    Battle of the Weldon Railroad (Virginia) (to the 19th)
  • Wednesday, August 24, 1864
    60th NY within 1½ to two miles from Atlanta, Georgia; Colonel Godard has had to relinquish command again due to sickness. He wants to remain until the end of the campaign, but may have remained too long.
  • Thursday, August 25, 1864
    Battle of Reams' Station (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, August 31, 1864
    92nd has been in the trenches for 8 days without relief; during that time 2 men killed and 5 men wounded (August 22, 1864)
  • Wednesday, August 31, 1864
    Scott's 900 August 6, 1864): The regiment at Mr. Holmes' Plantation, LA. The Colonel has been appointed Chief of Cavalry for this department. The Lieutenant Colonel has been detached leaving Major SP Remington in Command of the regiment. Health of the regiment very poor.
  • Wednesday, August 31, 1864
    Recruits for the Navy left Potsdam: 29 from Potsdam, 13 from Stockholm and 2 from Louisville.
  • Wednesday, August 31, 1864
    106th Near Harper's Ferry, August 22; losses from a battle near Charlestown, VA - 1 killed and 5 wounded.
  • Wednesday, August 31, 1864
    Huge total bonus amounts for volunteer recruits: $1192 for 1 year enlistments, $1484 for 2 years, and $1776 for 3 years enlistments
  • Wednesday, August 31, 1864
    Battle of Jonesboro (Georgia) (to September 1)
  • Friday, September 2, 1864
    Atlanta won! 60th NY and 111th Pennsylvania both hoisted their flags about noon on September 2 on the Courthouse in Atlanta. Both belong to Geary's Division of the 20th Corps. The flag raised by the 60th was the same flag presented to the regiment in January from the ladies of Ogdensburg.
  • Friday, September 2, 1864
    Atlanta Campaign totals for 60th NY Infantry - 15 killed, 52 wounded, 1 missing
  • Friday, September 2, 1864
    Atlanta occupied by Union troops (Georgia)
  • Wednesday, September 14, 1864
    St Lawrence County has 26 excess enlistments, no draft.
  • Monday, September 19, 1864
    3rd Battle of Winchester (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, September 21, 1864
    40 men enlisted from Potsdam, full quota, and also credited with several Naval enlistments; no draft in Potsdam and probably not in County.
  • Wednesday, September 21, 1864
    Dried Apples for soldiers - women of St Lawrence County asked to dry apples to send to soldiers as well as canned tomatoes too!
  • Wednesday, September 21, 1864
    92nd NY is in camp at Point of Rock on the James River. The time of enlistment for the regiment is out on the 7th of November.
  • Wednesday, September 21, 1864
    106th NY - Tiffany of NY is preparing a new flag for the regiment. It will be regulation size and have battles embroidered upon it.
  • Thursday, September 22, 1864
    Battle of Fisher's Hill (Virginia)
  • Thursday, September 22, 1864
    Battle of Pilot Knob (Missouri)
  • Thursday, September 29, 1864
    60th NY started for Chattanooga to escort several dispensers of greenbacks belonging to the 20th Corps. Captain Elliott remains in command. Colonel Ireland, commander of the brigade, died suddenly.
  • Thursday, September 29, 1864
    Battle of Chaffin's Farm, Virginia - through October 1
  • Thursday, September 29, 1864
    Battle of Chaffin's Farm, Virginia - 142nd NY Infantry - 16 killed, 44 wounded, 7 missing
  • Thursday, September 29, 1864
    Battle of Chaffin's Farm, Virginia - 92nd NY Infantry - 13 killed, 16 wounded, 6 missing
  • Thursday, September 29, 1864
    Battle of Peebles' Farm (to October 2) and Chaffin's Farm / Fort Harrison (to October 1) (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, October 4, 1864
    106th NY (Sept 21, 1864) Battle of Opequon that occurred on 19 September casualties listed: 11 Killed or mortally wounded, 41 wounded, and 2 missing. Battle at Fisher Hill: 1 Officer killed, 2 men wounded
  • Wednesday, October 5, 1864
    Battle of Allatoona (Georgia)
  • Sunday, October 9, 1864
    Battle of Tom's Brook (Virginia)
  • Wednesday, October 12, 1864
    92nd NY In the battle of Chaffin's Farm: 13 killed or mortally wounded, 10 wounded, and 6 missing. As of 2 Oct, only 44 men present and one Commissioned officer. Lt George S. Thompson in command of regiment.
  • Wednesday, October 12, 1864
    Doctor WQ Mansfield, formerly Assistant Surgeon of the 92nd NY, was appointed Surgeon in Chief of the 2nd Brigade of the 18th Corps of the Army of the Potomac.
  • Tuesday, October 18, 1864
    Wide Awakes return for Lincoln in Norfolk, NY (a Republican party organization of young men)
  • Wednesday, October 19, 1864
    In the last draft call of 500,000 men, St Lawrence County was require to raise 1100 new recruits; 1700 stepped forward.
  • Wednesday, October 19, 1864
    Saint Albans, Vermont Raid, Confederate soldiers dressed in civilian clothes robbed banks in Saint Albans then escaped to Canada. Seven captured in US had $50,000 on them. Twelve captured in Canada were held in Montréal. A regiment of US Troops were stationed in Saint Albans after the raid.
  • Wednesday, October 19, 1864
    Cedar Creek, Virginia
  • Wednesday, October 19, 1864
    Cedar Creek, Virginia - 106th NY Infantry - 12 Killed, 40 wounded, 3 missing
  • Wednesday, October 19, 1864
    Cedar Creek, Virginia - 6th NY Heavy Artillery - 26 killed, 52 wounded 16 missing
  • Wednesday, October 19, 1864
    Battle of Cedar Creek (Virginia)
  • Sunday, October 23, 1864
    Battle of Westport (Missouri)
  • Wednesday, October 26, 1864
    (dated 23 Oct 1864) 13 of the rebel raiders (of Saint Albans, Vermont) are in jail in Montréal, they are mostly young men from Kentucky. They insist that they are in rebel service and are confident that they will be released.
  • Thursday, October 27, 1864
    Because Black Union POWs were used in the construction of rebel trenches, General Butler demanded that rebel POWs be used for the same tasks at Dutch Gap canal within rifle shot of the rebel troops. General Lee stopped this practice and sent black POWs back to Richmond. General Butler stopped his retaliation immediately.
  • Thursday, October 27, 1864
    Darbytown Road, Virginia - through October 29
  • Thursday, October 27, 1864
    Darbytown Road, Virginia - 142nd Infantry - 21 killed, 78 wounded, 3 missing
  • Thursday, October 27, 1864
    Darbytown Road, Virginia - 92nd NY Infantry - (2nd Fair Oaks) 2 killed, 3 wounded, 26 missing
  • Thursday, October 27, 1864
    Battle of Burgess' Mill/Boydron Plank Road (Virginia)
  • Tuesday, November 1, 1864
    60th NY voted 219 unanimously for Lincoln. They are boys who never turn their back on the enemy.
  • Wednesday, November 2, 1864
    Scott's 900: Men report that there is nothing more acceptable to the soldiers than the receipt of a local newspaper. Colonel James B Swain acquitted of charges and returned to his former rank. Present Colonel Sherburn tendered his resignation, but it was not accepted; he was ordered back to the 11th NY Cavalry (Scott's 900)
  • Wednesday, November 2, 1864
    Home guards formed throughout the Northern states bordering Canada (in response to the Saint Albans Raid). Company A will meet for drill every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday evenings.
  • Monday, November 7, 1864
    2nd Session, 2nd Confederate Congress, convenes
  • Tuesday, November 8, 1864
    Lincoln reelected
  • Wednesday, November 9, 1864
    92nd involved in battle of Chaffins Farm. They were deployed as skirmishers on the old Battlefield of Fair Oaks, Co H had seven men; they drove the cavalry back, saw that the rebel works were clear, without support, they got into the ditch and were surrounded and had to surrender.
  • Wednesday, November 9, 1864
    For Presidential Election 25,000 to 30,000 men from various hospitals sent home to vote; a large number arrived in Potsdam on a special train.
  • Thursday, November 10, 1864
    NY State Governors race very close. Republican Reuben Fenton elected.
  • Wednesday, November 16, 1864
    Confederate President Jefferson Davis talks of enlisting the blacks for confederate service, but only talks about using them for teamsters and building fortifications, and paying their masters for lost labor. This had already been done throughout the war.'
  • Wednesday, November 16, 1864
    March to the Sea (to December 21) begins from Atlanta,Georgia
  • Wednesday, November 23, 1864
    Where is General Sherman's Army?
  • Wednesday, November 23, 1864
    60th NY (9 November 1864) "On the verge of an eventful campaign." They are getting ready to leave Atlanta. They will carry twenty days rations, the country through which they will march will have to provide the other thirty days rations. No destination is known to the Army.
  • Tuesday, November 29, 1864
    Battles of Spring Hill (Tennessee) and Sand Creek (Colorado Territory)
  • Wednesday, November 30, 1864
    No information on "General Sherman's great movement." However the Savannah News of Nov 21, 1864 reports of "impending doom" for Sherman's Army.
  • Wednesday, November 30, 1864
    New York City voted for McClelland almost 2 to 1.
  • Wednesday, November 30, 1864
    There is a daring attempt to burn NY City hotels. Many hotels and Barnum's Museum torched but fires were extinguished before major damage.
  • Wednesday, November 30, 1864
    Another article states that: Tobacco and Smoking tobacco bad for you!
  • Wednesday, November 30, 1864
    Battle of Franklin (Tennessee)
  • Monday, December 5, 1864
    2nd Session, 38th Congress, convenes
  • Wednesday, December 7, 1864
    No official report on Sherman's Army only from Southern papers and he does not seem to have run into serious opposition. General Grant says that "the confederacy is a shell and Sherman will prove it."
  • Wednesday, December 7, 1864
    General Phil Sheridan's Army rejoining Grant near Petersburg.
  • Wednesday, December 7, 1864
    Farmers National Bank started in Malone
  • Wednesday, December 7, 1864
    142nd NY officers mourning Captain John D Ransom who died November 10th from wounds suffered in the 29 Sept Battle.
  • Wednesday, December 7, 1864
    13th NY Cavalry moved to Vienna, Virginia searching for Colonel Mosby in the Blue Ridge Mountains. More border scares in Ogdensburg and Rouses Point. Home guard called out on patrol.
  • Wednesday, December 14, 1864
    92nd in the last campaign lost 27 killed and 137 wounded.
  • Wednesday, December 14, 1864
    Sherman Marches on, 14th and 20th Corps in advance.
  • Thursday, December 15, 1864
    Battle of Nashville (Tennessee) (to the 16th)
  • Tuesday, December 20, 1864
    EA Merritt appointed Quartermaster General of NY State by Governor Fenton. More soldiers are being exchanged and set free.
  • Wednesday, December 21, 1864
    Saint Alban's Raiders released from Montréal Jail. Judge cites lack of jurisdiction.
  • Wednesday, December 21, 1864
    Savannah, Georgia, occupied by Union
  • Wednesday, December 21, 1864
    Sherman's army takes Savannah on 21 December 1864.
  • Thursday, December 22, 1864
    Steamer "North America" flounders and sinks off the Coast of Florida. The North America was bringing back sick and wounded soldiers from the hospitals of New Orleans to New York. About 200 of the very sick and wounded men drowned when the ship sunk. Many of them were in Scott's 900 and were from St Lawrence County.
  • Thursday, December 22, 1864
    Thomas defeats Hood at Nashville, 15-16 Dec 1864.
  • Saturday, December 24, 1864
    1st Union attack on Fort Fisher, North Carolina (to the 25th)
  • Sunday, December 25, 1864
    First Battle of Fort Fisher; 142nd NY Infantry - 3 killed, 17 wounded
  • Sunday, December 25, 1864
    William Walling, 142nd NY - Medal of Honor
    While there outside the fort on the landside, waiting for orders to attack which never came, William Walling of the 142nd NY saw a rebel flag fall, cut down by the union bombardment of the Fort. He sprinted across an open plain, crossed a palisade of logs and recovered the flag, taking it back to his line. For this action he was awarded the Medal of Honor. He survived the war, eventually ending up in Potsdam and owning a hardware store. He died June 16, 1912 and is buried in Bayside Cemetery, Potsdam.
  • Thursday, December 29, 1864
    Three St Alban's raiders captured in Concord, New Hampshire. They enlisted in the Union Army hoping to get back to rebel lines on Uncle Sam's expense. Six of the released Rebel Raiders that were set free in Montréal were captured again, including leader Benett Young.

1865

  • Friday, January 13, 1865
    2nd Union attack on Fort Fisher (to the 15th)
  • Sunday, January 15, 1865
    Fort Fisher, North Carolina, falls to Union naval and land forces
  • Thursday, January 19, 1865
    Carolinas Campaign begins at Savannah, Georgia (to April 26)
  • Sunday, February 5, 1865
    Battle of Hatcher's Run (Virginia) (to the 7th)
  • Thursday, March 2, 1865
    Battle of Waynesboro (Virginia)
  • Friday, March 3, 1865
    2nd (final) Session, 38th Congress, adjourns
  • Saturday, March 4, 1865
    Lincoln reinaugurated
  • Wednesday, March 8, 1865
    Battle of Kinston (North Carolina) (to the 10th)
  • Thursday, March 16, 1865
    Battle of Averysboro (North Carolina)
  • Saturday, March 18, 1865
    2nd (final) Session 2nd Confederate Congress, adjourns
  • Sunday, March 19, 1865
    Battle of Bentonville (North Carolina) (to the 21st)
  • Wednesday, March 22, 1865
    Wilson's raid (to April 24) south into Alabama
  • Saturday, March 25, 1865
    Battle of Fort Stedman (Virginia); siege of Mobile, Alabama (to April 12)
  • Friday, March 31, 1865
    Battle of Dinwiddie Court House (Virginia)
  • Saturday, April 1, 1865
    Battle of Five Forks (Virginia)
  • Sunday, April 2, 1865
    Selma, Alabama, falls; final Union assault on Petersburg,Virginia
  • Monday, April 3, 1865
    Richmond and Petersburg occupied by Union forces
  • Thursday, April 6, 1865
    Battle of Sayler's Creek (Virginia)
  • Friday, April 7, 1865
    Battle of High Bridge (Virginia)
  • Sunday, April 9, 1865
    Battles of Appomattox (Virginia) and Fort Blakely (Alabama); Lee surrenders at Appomattox
  • Wednesday, April 12, 1865
    Mobile, Alabama, surrenders to Union forces
  • Friday, April 14, 1865
    Lincoln shot by John Wilkes Booth
  • Saturday, April 15, 1865
    Lincoln dies
  • Wednesday, April 26, 1865
    Johnston surrenders to Sherman in North Carolina
  • Thursday, May 4, 1865
    Taylor surrenders to Canby in Alabama
  • Friday, May 26, 1865
    Smith surrenders to Canby in Trans-Mississippi
  • Friday, June 2, 1865
    CSS Shenandoah ends operations in Bering Sea, having taken 11 whalers that day
  • Wednesday, August 2, 1865
    CSS Shenandoah learns of end of the war
  • Monday, November 6, 1865
    CSS Shenandoah surrenders to British at Liverpool

1860 · 1861 · 1862 · 1863 · 1864 · 1865

Events in bold are St Lawrence County events. Researched in Potsdam Courier-Freeman, Ogdenburg St Lawrence Republican and Malone Palladium. Often the dates are from the Newspaper Date not the actual date.

Compiler's note for 1864: Dates in bold are from newspaper dates, when the citizens are getting the news. Statistics may come from from Phisterers, New York in the War of the Rebellion. The papers were full of casualty lists from May on through the end of the year. Because the lists were so big I decided to list the casualties for the St Lawrence County Regiments this way. Battery D, 1st NY Light Artillery, I'm sure, lost some during this bloody summer and fall, but there is no separate listing for just that battery. From the 1st of May until the end of December, there was hardly a day that some regiment from St Lawrence, Franklin, Clinton, or Jefferson County was not in harm's way. I'm sure that I missed some regiments and their battles but these are what I came up with. Those interested in seeing if their ancestor was listed may search the Northern New York Historical Newspapers. There were several service members from the county that were awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for their service. I have included the ones that I know were from St Lawrence County. Their names and regiments are listed with the date of the action in which they performed the heroic deeds.

We gratefully acknowledge Chronology of the American Civil War from civilwarhome.com among others for the source material used to create this timeline.